The prevention and management of HBP is a major public health challenge.
HBP usually has no signs or symptoms and is called “the silent killer.”
Untreated or uncontrolled HBP increases risk for heart disease, renal disease,
and stroke. Recommendations by the Joint National Committee on Prevention,
Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure advise health-care
providers regarding screening, detecting, treating, and monitoring cases of
HBP and hypertension.3 In addition, BP surveillance
data should be used to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of interventions
designed to prevent and control HBP. To reduce disparities and improve HBP
prevention and control among U.S. adults, public health officials and clinicians
need to increase their efforts to treat and control BP levels among persons
with hypertension, and promote physical activity, nutrition changes (e.g.,
reducing high salt/sodium), weight reduction or management, stress reduction,
and routine BP screening.