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Association Between Antibiotic Sales and Public Campaigns for Their Appropriate Use

Isabelle Bauraind, MD; José-Maria Lopez-Lozano, MD; Arielle Beyaert, PhD; Jean-Louis Marchal, PhD; Bruno Seys, MD; Fernande Yane, MD; Erik Hendrickx, MD; Herman Goossens, MD, PhD; Paul M. Tulkens, MD, PhD; Ludo Verbist, MD, PhD
JAMA. 2004;292(20):2465-2470. doi:10.1001/jama.292.20.2468-b.
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Figure 1. Seasonal Variation of Monthly Outpatient Antibiotic Sales and of Monthly Indices of Influenza-like Illnesses in Belgium, January 1996-July 2002
Graphic Jump Location
Figure 2. Monthly Change in Antibiotic Sales Controlled for Influenza-like Illnesses During Each Campaign (December-February) and the Following Month (March)
Graphic Jump Location

Residual seasonal autoregressive terms: lag period, 12 months; estimated coefficient: 0.83 [SE, 0.06]; constant: 7 459 075 (SD, 431 387) defined daily doses/mo. The P values are indicated for the months and campaigns for which the changes were statistically significant.



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