Patients who wish to enroll in a clinical trial must give informed consent before participating. Informed consent ensures that
patients understand the potential risks and benefits of joining a clinical
trial prior to participating. During the informed consent process, participants
are told about what the trial involves and the purpose of the study. Participants
sign an informed consent form to acknowledge that they understand the risks
and benefits of the study, but the form is not binding, and participants can
leave the study at any time for any reason.