In recent years, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus among children
and adolescents has been increasing. Wei and colleagues studied the rate of
type 2 diabetes and associated risk factors in children aged 6 to 18 years
in Taiwan based on a national screening program. The rate of newly diagnosed
diabetes was 9.0 per 100 000 for boys and 15.3 per 100 000 for girls.
Among those with newly diagnosed diabetes, the ratio of type 2 to type 1 diabetes
was approximately 6:1. Factors significantly associated with type 2 diabetes
included obesity, hypercholesterolemia, blood pressure greater than the 85th
percentile, and family history of diabetes.