Pub Law No. 105-33, 111 Stat 251 [The Balanced Budget Act of 1997].
Freeman L. Home-sweet-home health care. Monthly Labor Rev.March. 1995;118(3):3-11.
Publication of OIG special fraud alerts: home health fraud, and fraud
and abuse in the provision of medical supplies to nursing facilities. Federal Register.August 10, 1995;60(154):40847-40851.
Results of the Operation Restore Trust Audit of Medicare Home
Health Services in California, Illinois, New York and Texas. Washington, DC: US Dept of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector
General; July 1997. Publication A-04-96-02121.
Medicare and Home Health Care. Baltimore, Md: Health Care Financing Administration, US Dept of Health
and Human Services; November 2000. Publication HCFA-10969.
Interim Payment System for Home Health Agencies. Subcommittee on Health, Committee on Ways and Means,
House of Representatives. Washington, DC: US General Accounting Office; 1998:1-12.
Budgetary Implications of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 [CBO
memorandum]. Washington, DC: Congressional Budget Office; December 1997.
Hearings Before the Committee on Finance, United States Senate , 106th Cong, 1st Sess (1999) (testimony of Paul N. Van de Water, assistant
director for budget analysis, Congressional Budget Office, on the impact of
the Balanced Budget Act on the Medicare Fee-for-Service program).
Hearings Before the Committee on Commerce, US House of Representatives , 106th Cong, 1st sess (1999) (testimony of Dan L. Crippen, director,
Congressional Budget Office, on the impact of the Balanced Budget Act on the
Medicare Fee-for-Service program).
Balanced Budget Act: Any Proposed Fee-for-Service Payment Modifications
Need Thorough Evaluation. Washington, DC: Committee on Finance, US Senate; 1999:1-14.
Medicare Home Health Benefit: Impact of Interim Payment System
and Agency Closures on Access to Services. Washington, DC: US General Accounting Office; September 1998. Document
Report to the Congress: Selected Medicare Issues. Washington, DC: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission; June 1999.
Medicare Beneficiary Access to Home Health Agencies . Washington, DC: US Dept of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector
General; October 1999. Document OEI-02-99-00530.
Deyo R, Cherkin D, Ciol M. Adapting a clinical comorbidity index for use with ICD-9-CM administrative database. J Clin Epidemiol.1992;45:613-619.
Kaplan E, Meier P. Nonparametric estimation from incomplete observations. J Am Statis Assoc.1958;53:457-481.
Shah B, Barnwell B, Bieler G. SUDAAN User's Manual. Release 7.0 ed. Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute;
Muller A. Medicare prospective payment reforms and hospital utilization. Temporary
or lasting effects? Med Care.1993;31:296-308.
Kominski GF, Witsberger C. Trends in length of stay for Medicare patients: 1979-87. Health Care Financ Rev.1993;15:121-135.
Scheffler RM, Clement DG, Sullivan SD, Hu TW, Sung HY. The hospital response to Medicare's Prospective Payment System: an
econometric model of Blue Cross and Blue Shield plans. Med Care.1994;32:471-485.
Menke T. Impacts of PPS on Medicare Part B expenditures and utilization for
hospital episodes of care. Inquiry.1990;27:114-126.
Kahn KL, Keeler EB, Sherwood MJ.
et al. Comparing outcomes of care before and after implementation of the DRG-based
prospective payment system. JAMA.1990;264:1984-1988.
Mushlin AI, Panzer RJ, Black ER, Greenland P, Regenstreif DI. Quality of care during a community-wide experiment in prospective payment
to hospitals. Med Care.1988;26:1081-1091.
Thomas EJ, Orav EJ, Brennan TA. Hospital ownership and preventable adverse events. J Gen Intern Med.2000;15:211-219.
Garg PP, Frick KD, Diener-West M, Powe NR. Effect of the ownership of dialysis facilities on patients' survival
and referral for transplantation. N Engl J Med.1999;341:1653-1660.
Furth SL, Hwang W, Neu AM, Fivush BA, Powe NR. For-profit versus not-for-profit dialysis care for children with end
stage renal disease. Pediatrics.1999;104(3, pt 1):519-524.
Himmelstein DU, Woolhandler S, Hellander I, Wolfe SM. Quality of care in investor-owned vs not-for-profit HMOs. JAMA.1999;282:159-163.
Harrington C, Woolhandler S, Mullan J, Carrillo H, Himmelstein DU. Does investor ownership of nursing homes compromise the quality of
care? Am J Public Health.2001;91:1452-1455.
Schlesinger M, Cleary PD, Blumenthal D. The ownership of health facilities and clinical decisionmaking: the
case of the ESRD industry. Med Care.1989;27:244-258.
Yuan Z, Cooper GS, Einstadter D.
et al. The association between hospital type and mortality and length of stay:
a study of 16.9 million hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries. Med Care.2000;38:231-245.
Devereaux PJ, Choi PTL, Lacchetti C.
et al. A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing mortality
rates of private for-profit and private not-for-profit hospitals. CMAJ.2002;166:1399-1406.
Schlesinger M, Dorwart R, Hoover C, Epstein S. Competition, ownership, and access to hospital services: evidence from
psychiatric hospitals. Med Care.1997;35:974-992.
Tu HT, Reschovsky JD. Assessments of medical care by enrollees in for-profit and nonprofit
health maintenance organizations. N Engl J Med.2002;346:1288-1293.
Variation Among Home Health Agencies in Medicare Payments for
Home Health Services. Washington, DC: US Dept of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector
General; July 1995. Document OEI-04-93-00260.
Geographical Variation in Visits Provided by Home Health Agencies. Washington, DC: US Dept of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector
General; September 1995. Document OEI-04-93-00262.
Medicare: Home Health Utilization Expands While Program Controls
Deteriorate. Washington, DC: US General Accounting Office; March 27 1996. Document
Medicare: Home Health Agencies With High Visit Rates Skew Averages. Washington, DC: US General Accounting Office; June 2, 1997. Document
Medicare Home Health Care: Prospective Payment System Could Reverse
Recent Declines in Spending. Washington, DC: US General Accounting Office; September 2000. Document
McCall N, Petersons A, Moore S, Korb J. Utilization of home health services before and after the Balanced Budget
Act of 1997: what were the initial effects? Health Serv Res.2003;38:85-106.
Medicare program: update to the prospective payment system for home
health agencies for FY 2003. Federal Register.June 28, 2002;67(125):43616-43629.