0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
This Week in JAMA |

This Week in JAMA FREE

JAMA. 2002;288(7):801. doi:10.1001/jama.288.7.801.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

GINKGO AND COGNITIVE FUNCTION IN OLDER ADULTS

Over-the-counter preparations of ginkgo have been promoted as improving memory and other cognitive functions even though evidence supporting such claims is limited. In this randomized trial among adults older than 60 years, Solomon and coauthors found that outcomes on standardized neuropsychological tests of learning, memory, attention and concentration, and expressive language in the ginkgo group were not significantly different from those in the placebo group after 6 weeks of treatment. Self-reported memory function and caregiver global impression of change were also not significantly different in the 2 study groups.

See Article

CATARACT SURGERY AND RISK OF MOTOR VEHICLE CRASH

Risk of motor vehicle crash is elevated in older drivers with cataract. Owsley and colleaguesArticle followed up patients with cataract aged 55 to 84 years and found that among patients who had cataract surgery, the rate of motor vehicle crash occurrence during the 4 to 6 years after surgery was significantly lower than among patients who did not undergo cataract surgery. In an editorial, KleinArticle points out risks associated with cataract surgery, in addition to potential benefits, that should be assessed when considering cataract surgery for an individual patient.

CHANGES IN METHADONE TREATMENT PRACTICES, 1988-2000

Studies of US methadone maintenance programs in the early 1990s indicated that most programs did not meet established standards of care for heroin users, often using suboptimal doses of methadone. In this analysis of data from surveys of US methadone treatment programs in 1988, 1990, 1995, and 2000, D'Aunno and Pollack found that the percentage of patients in each treatment program receiving methadone dosage levels less than the recommended 60 mg/d decreased from 79.5% in 1988 to 35.5% in 2000.

See Article

PAIN RESPONSE IN NEWBORNS WITH REPEATED HEEL LANCES

In this prospective cohort study, Taddio and colleagues assessed whether hospitalized infants who undergo repeated painful procedures learn to anticipate pain and exhibit more intense pain during subsequent procedures. They found that full-term newborns born to mothers with diabetes who underwent repeated heel lances in the first 24 to 36 hours of life had significantly higher grimacing and visual analog scale scores during skin cleansing and higher grimacing, crying, and visual analog scale scores during routine venipuncture after the first day of life compared with newborns of mothers with uneventful pregnancies who did not undergo repeated invasive procedures. Pain measures in response to intramuscular vitamin K injection were not significantly different.

See Article

LOW-DOSE CORTICOSTEROID THERAPY FOR SEPTIC SHOCK

Recent studies suggest that severe sepsis may be associated with relative adrenal insufficiency. In this randomized trial, Annane and colleaguesArticle found that among patients with septic shock and relative adrenal insufficiency, 28-day mortality and duration of vasopressor therapy were significantly reduced in those who received a 7-day course of hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone compared with those who received placebo. Among patients with septic shock but without relative adrenal insufficiency, no significant differences in mortality or duration of vasopressor therapy were observed. In an editorial, Abraham and EvansArticle outline directions for future research on corticosteroid therapy for septic shock and advise using corticosteroids only for critically ill patients with septic shock who have documented abnormalities in adrenal reserve.

A PIECE OF MY MIND

"I am a physician, but my strongest diagnostic tool—the patient history—is rendered completely ineffective by the tangled neurons of Alzheimer dementia." From "Cries and Whiskers."

See Article

MEDICAL NEWS & PERSPECTIVES

What genes mean for the prediction, diagnosis, and treatment of disease is discussed in 2 articles, the firstArticle on genetic information privacy and counseling and the secondArticle on how genes' effect on therapeutic response may help physicians learn which agents offer the most help and least harm to patients with cancer.

CLINICIAN'S CORNER

In part 1Article of this article, benefits and harms of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy for primary prevention of chronic conditions are assessed based on a systematic review of published studies. Four clinical situations presented in part 2Article illustrate management considerations for initiating and discontinuing hormone replacement therapy using current evidence.

INNOVATIONS IN PRIMARY CARE

This first article in a series on innovations in primary care examines why primary care is important, why it is under stress, and why its redesign is necessary.

See Article

JAMA PATIENT PAGE

For your patients: Information about hormone replacement therapy.

See Article

Tables

References

Letters

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.