Dietary factors have been linked to development of the insulin resistance
syndrome, a syndrome that includes obesity, glucose intolerance, hypertension,
and dyslipidemia. Using data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in
Young Adults study, a prospective study of cardiovascular disease risk factors
in a cohort of adults aged 18 to 30 years, Pereira and colleagues found that
the 10-year incidence of the insulin resistance syndrome was inversely associated
with dairy consumption among individuals who were overweight at baseline but
not among those who were normal weight.