Boyd EA, Bero LA. Assessing faculty financial relationships with industry. JAMA.2000;284:2209-2214.
Chren M, Landefeld C. Physicians' behavior and their interactions with drug companies: a
controlled study of physicians who requested additions to a hospital drug
Caudill TS, Johnson MS, Rich EC, McKinney WP. Physicians, pharmaceutical sales representatives and the cost of prescribing. Arch Fam Med.1996;5:201-206.
Ziegler MG, Lew P, Singer BC. The accuracy of drug information from pharmaceutical sales representatives. JAMA.1995;273:1296-1298.
Sandberg WS, Carlos R, Sandberg EH, Roizen MF. The effect of educational gifts from pharmaceutical firms on medical
students' recall of company names of products. Acad Med.1997;72:916-918.
Wazana A. Physicians and the pharmaceutical industry: is a gift ever just a gift? JAMA.2000;283:373-380.
Stelfox HT, Chua G, O'Rourke K, Detsky AS. Conflict of interest in the debate over calcium-channel antagonists. N Engl J Med.1998;338:101-106.
Davidson RA. Source of funding and outcome of clinical trials. J Gen Intern Med.1986;1:155-158.
Rochon PA, Gurwitz JH, Simms RW.
et al. A study of manufacturer-supported trials of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory
drugs in the treatment of arthritis. Arch Intern Med.1994;154:157-163.
Friedberg M, Saffran B, Stinson TJ, Nelson W, Benett CL. Evaluation of conflict of interest in economic analyses of new drugs
used in oncology. JAMA.1999;282:1453-1457.
Practice parameters for the diagnosis and treatment of asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol.1995;96:707-870.
Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol.1991;88:425-534.
Guidelines on the management of asthma. Thorax.1993;48:S1-S24.
Beveridge RC, Grunfeld AF, Hoder RV, Verbeek PR. Guidelines for the emergency management of asthma in adults. CMAJ.1996;155:25-37.
North of England Asthma Guideline Development Group. North of England evidence based guidelines development project: summary
version of evidence based guideline for the primary care management of asthma
in adults. BMJ.1996;312:762-766.
Canadian Thoracic Society Workshop Group. Guidelines for the assessment and management of chronic obstructive
pulmonary disease. CMAJ.1992;147:420-428.
Hochberg MC, Altman RD, Brandt KD.
et al. Guidelines for the medical management of osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum.1995;38:1535-1540.
Holbrook AM, Sabharwal M, Trepanier EF. Medical Treatment Guidelines for the Treatment of
Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Acute Musculoskeletal Injury. Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario; 1999.
American Psychiatric Association. Practice guideline for major depressive disorder in adults. Am J Psychiatry.1993;150(4 Suppl):1-26.
British Diabetic Association, Royal College of Physicians, and Royal
College of General Practitioners. Guidelines for good practice in the diagnosis and treatment of non-insulin-dependent
diabetes mellitus. J R Coll Physicians Lond.1993;27:259-266.
Expert Committee of the Canadian Diabetes Advisory Board. Clinical practice guidelines for treatment of diabetes mellitus. CMAJ.1992;147:697-712.
Meltzer S, Leiter L, Daneman D.
et al. 1998 Clinical practice guidelines for the management of diabetes in
European IDDM Policy Group 1993. Consensus guidelines for the management of insulin-dependent (type
1) diabetes. Diabet Med.1993;10:990-1005.
AACE guidelines for the management of diabetes mellitus. Endocr Pract.1995;1:149-157.
Soll AH.for the Practice Parameters Committee of the American College of Gastroenterology. Medical treatment of peptic ulcer disease. JAMA.1996;275:622-629.
DeVault KR, Castell DO. Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of gastroesophageal reflux
disease. Arch Intern Med.1995;155:2165-2173.
Hunt R, Thomson ABR. Canadian Helicobacter pylori consensus conference. Can J Gastroenterol.1998;12:31-41.
Subcommittee of the WHO/ISH Mild Hypertension Liaison Committee. Summary of the 1993 World Health Organization–International Society
of Hypertension guidelines for the management of mild hypertension. BMJ.1993;307:1541-1546.
Sever P, Beevers G, Bulpitt C.
et al. Management guidelines in essential hypertension: report of the second
working party of the British Hypertension Society. BMJ.1993;306:983-987.
Myers MG, Gryfe CI, Leenen FH, Haynes RB, Ogilvie RI. Guidelines for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Hypertension. Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario; 1995.
Ogilvie RI, Burgess ED, Cusson JR, Feldman RD, Leiter LA, Myers MG. Report of the Canadian Hypertensive Society Consensus Conference. CMAJ.1993;149:575-584.
Evans CE. Canadian Consensus Conference on Hypertension Management,
1984-1992. Montreal, Quebec: Canadian Hypertension Society; 1993.
Sixth report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection,
Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Arch Intern Med.1997;157:2413-2446.
Betteridge DJ, Dodson PM, Durrington PN.
et al. Management of hyperlipidemia: guidelines of the British Hyperlipidemia
Association. Postgrad Med J.1993;69:359-369.
Frohlich J, Fodor G, McPherson R, Genest J, Langner N. Rationale for and outline of the recommendations of the Working Group
on Hypercholesterolemia and Other Dyslipidemias: interim report. Can J Cardiol.1998;14(suppl A):17A-21A.
Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood
Cholesterol in Adults. Summary of the second report of the National Cholesterol Education
Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High
Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel II). JAMA.1993;269:3015-3023.
ASHP therapeutic guidelines on angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. Am J Health Syst Pharm.1997;54:299-313.
ACC/AHA Task Force. Guidelines for the evaluation and management of heart failure. Circulation.1995;92:2764-2784.
Johnstone DE, Abdulla A, Arnold JM.
et al. Diagnosis and management of heart failure. Can J Cardiol.1994;10:613-631.
Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. Heart Failure: Evaluation and Care of Patients With
Left-Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction. Rockville, Md: US Dept of Health and Human Services; June 1994.
Ontario Anti-infective Review Panel. Anti-infective guidelines for community-acquired infections. 2nd ed. Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario; 1997.
The British Thoracic Society. Guidelines for the management of community-acquired pneumonia in adults
admitted to hospital. Br J Hosp Med.1993;49:346-350.
American Thoracic Society. Hospital-acquired pneumonia in adults: diagnosis, assessment of severity,
initial antimicrobial therapy, and preventative strategies. Am J Respir Crit Care Med.1996;153:1711-1725.
European Study on Community-Acquired Pneumonia Committee. Guidelines for management of adult community-acquired lower respiratory
tract infections. Eur Respir J.1998;11:986-991.
American Thoracic Society. Guidelines for the initial management of adults with community-acquired
pneumonia: diagnosis, assessment of severity, and initial antimicrobial therapy. Am Rev Respir Dis.1993;148:1418-1426.
Mandell LA, Marrie TJ, Niederman MS. Initial antimicrobial treatment of hospital acquired pneumonia in adults. Can J Infect Dis.1993;4:317-321.
Mandell LA, Niederman MS. Antimicrobial treatment of community acquired pneumonia in adults. Can J Infect Dis.1993;4:25-28.
Bartlett JG, Breiman RF, Mandell LA, File TM. Community-acquired pneumonia in adults: guidelines for management. Clin Infect Dis.1998;26:811-838.
Ryan TJ, Anderson JL, Antman EM.
et al. ACC/AHA guidelines for the management of patients with acute myocardial
Weston CF, Penny WJ, Julian DG. Guidelines for the early management of patients with myocardial infarction. BMJ.1994;308:767-771.
North of England Stable Angina Guideline Development Group. North of England evidence based guidelines development project: summary
version of evidence based guideline for the primary care management of stable
Gibbons RJ, Chatterjee K, Daley J.
et al. ACC/AHA/ACP-ASIM guidelines for the management of patients with chronic
stable angina. J Am Coll Cardiol.1999;33:2092-2197.
De Bono DP, Hopkins A. The management of acute myocardial infarction: guidelines and audit
standards. J R Coll Physicians Lond.1994;28:312-317.
Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. Unstable Angina: Diagnosis and Management. Rockville, Md: US Dept of Health and Human Services; 1994.
The COPD Guidelines Group of the Standards of Care Committee of the BTS. BTS Guidelines for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Thorax.1997;52:S1-S28.
Fein AM, Niederman MS. Guidelines for the initial management of community-acquired pneumonia:
savory recipe or cookbook for disaster? Am J Respir Crit Care Med.1995;152:1149-1153.
Gleason PP, Kapoor WN, Stone RA.
et al. Medical outcomes and antimicrobial costs with the use of the American
Thoracic Society guidelines for outpatients with community-acquired pneumonia. JAMA.1997;278:32-39.
Avorn J, Soumerai SB. Improving drug-therapy decisions through educational outreach: a randomized
controlled trial of academically based "detailing." N Engl J Med.1983;308:1457-1463.