Quill TE, Williamson PR. Healthy approaches to physician stress. Arch Intern Med.1990;150:1857-1861.
Muskin PR. The request to die: role for a psychodynamic perspective on physician-assisted
Quill TE. Partnerships in patient care: a contractual approach. Ann Intern Med.1983;98:228-234.
Butler RN. Psychiatry and the elderly: an overview. Am J Psychiatry.1975;132:893-900.
Farber NJ, Novack DH, O'Brien MK. Love, boundaries, and the patient-physician relationship. Arch Intern Med.1997;157:2291-2294.
Caine E, Conwell Y. Self-determined death, the physician and medical priorities: is there
time to talk? JAMA.1993;270:875-876.
Pellegrino ED. Compassion needs reason too. JAMA.1993;270:874-875.
Zinn WM. Doctors have feelings too. JAMA.1988;259:3296-3298.
Friedman E. The perils of detachment. Healthc Forum J.1990;33:9-10.
Blackshaw SL, Miller JB. Boundaries in clinical psychiatry. Am J Psychiatry.1994;151:293.
Gabbard GO, Nadelson C. Professional boundaries in the physician-patient relationship. JAMA.1995;273:1445-1449.
Clarke P. Exploration of countertransference toward the dying. Am J Orthopsychiatry.1981;51:71-77.
Pick I. Working through in the countertransference. Int J Psychoanal.1985;66:157-166.
Novack DH, Epstein RM, Paulsen EH. Toward creating physician healers: fostering medical students' self-awareness,
personal growth, and well-being. Acad Med.1999;74:516-520.
Marshall AA, Smith RC. Physicians' emotional reaction to patients: recognizing and managing
countertransference. Am J Gastroenterol.1995;90:4-8.
Quill TE. Recognizing and adjusting to barriers in doctor-patient communication. Ann Intern Med.1989;111:51-57.
Casarett D, Kutner JS, Abrahm J. Life after death: a practical approach to grief and bereavement. Ann Intern Med.2001;134:208-215.
Whippen DA, Canellos GP. Burnout syndrome in the practice of oncology: results of a random survey
of 1000 oncologists. J Clin Oncol.1991;9:1916-1920.
Gundersen L. Physician burnout. Ann Intern Med.2001;135:145-148.
McCue JD. The effects of stress on physicians and their medical practice. N Engl J Med.1982;306:458-463.
Gartrell N, Herman J, Olarte S, Feldstein M, Localio R. Psychiatrist-patient sexual contact: results of a national survey,
I: prevalence. Am J Psychiatry.1986;143:1126-1131.
Gartrell N, Milliken N, Goodson III WH, Thiemann S, Lo B. Physician-patient sexual contact: prevalence and problems. West J Med.1992;157:139-143.
Smith RC, Zimny GH. Physicians' emotional reactions to patients. Psychosomatics.1988;29:392-397.
Epstein RM, Morse DS, Frankel RM, Frarey L, Anderson K, Beckman HB. Awkward moments in patient-physician communication about HIV risk. Ann Intern Med.1998;128:435-442.
Meier D, Myers H, Muskin P. When, if ever, should we expedite death? In: Zeman A, Emanuel L, eds. Ethical Dilemmas in
Neurology. London, England: WB Saunders Co; 2000:180-192.
Not Available. It's over, Debbie. JAMA.1988;259:272.
Quill TE. Death with dignity: a case of individualized decision-making. N Engl J Med.1991;324:691-694.
Modestin J. Countertransference reactions contributing to completed suicide. Br J Med Psychol.1987;60:379-385.
Vaillant GE, Sobowale NC, McArthur C. Some psychological vulnerabilities of physicians. N Engl J Med.1972;287:372-375.
Smith JW, Denny WF, Witzke D. Emotional impairment in internal medicine housestaff. JAMA.1986;255:1155-1158.
Hendin H, Lipschitz A, Maltsberger J, Haas AP, Wynecoop S. Therapists' reactions to patients' suicides. Am J Psychiatry.2000;157:2022-2027.
Hendin H. Psychotherapy and suicide. Am J Psychother.1981;35:469-480.
Block SD, Billings JA. Patient requests for euthanasia and assisted suicide in terminal illness:
the role of the psychiatrist. Psychosomatics.1995;36:445-457.
Block SD, Billings JA. Patient requests to hasten death: evaluation and management in terminal
care. Arch Intern Med.1994;154:2039-2047.
Miles SH. Physicians and their patients' suicides. JAMA.1994;271:1786-1788.
Miles S. Physician-assisted suicide and the profession's gyrocompass. Hastings Cent Rep.1995;25:17-19.
Quill TE, Cassel CK, Meier DE. Care of the hopelessly ill: proposed clinical criteria for physician-assisted
suicide. N Engl J Med.1992;327:1380-1384.
Quill TE, Cassel CK. Nonabandonment: a central obligation for physicians. Ann Intern Med.1995;122:368-374.
Von Gunten CF, Ferris FD, Emanuel LL. Ensuring competency in end-of-life care: communication and relational
Portenoy RK, Coyle N, Kash KM.
et al. Determinants of the willingness to endorse assisted suicide: a survey
of physicians, nurses, and social workers. Psychosomatics.1997;38:277-287.
Prendergast TJ, Luce JM. Increasing incidence of withholding and withdrawal of life support
from the critically ill. Am J Respir Crit Care Med.1997;155:15-20.
Prendergast TJ. Resolving conflicts surrounding end-of-life care. New Horiz.1997;5:62-71.
Block S. Helping the clinician cope with death in the ICU. In: Curtis J, Rubenfeld G, eds. Managing Death
in the ICU: The Transition From Cure to Comfort. New York, NY: Oxford
University Press; 2001:183-192.
Solomon MZ, O'Donnell L, Jennings B.
et al. Decisions near the end of life: professional views on life-sustaining
treatments. Am J Public Health.1993;83:14-23.
Yamey G, Wilkes M. Promoting well-being among doctors. BMJ.2001;322:252-253.
Novack DH, Suchman AL, Clark W, Epstein RM, Najberg E, Kaplan C. Calibrating the physician: personal awareness and effective patient
care. Working Group on Promoting Physician Personal Awareness, American Academy
on Physician and Patient. JAMA.1997;278:502-509.
Martin A. Stress in residency: a challenge to personal growth. J Gen Intern Med.1986;1:252-257.
Martin CA, Julian RA. Causes of stress and burnout in physicians caring for the chronically
and terminally ill. Hosp J.1987;3:121-146.
Gordon G, Hubbell F, Wyle F, Charter R. Stress during internship: a prospective study of mood states. J Gen Intern Med.1986;1:228-231.
Martin MJ. Psychiatric problems of physicians and their families. Mayo Clin Proc.1981;56:35-44.
Brewster JM. Prevalence of alcohol and other drug problems among physicians. JAMA.1986;255:1913-1920.
Rucinski J, Cybulska E. Mentally-ill doctors. Br J Hosp Med.1985;33:90-94.
McAuliffe WE, Rohman M, Santangelo S. Psychoactive drug use among practicing physicians and medical students. N Engl J Med.1986;315:805-810.
Billings CV. Declare war on burnout! 12 tips for professional self care. Am Nurse.1992;24:2.
Strasburger L, Jorgenson L, Sutherland P. The prevention of psychotherapist sexual misconduct: avoiding the slippery
slope. Am J Psychother.1992;46:544-545.
McCue J, Sachs C. A stress management workshop improves residents' coping skills. Arch Intern Med.1991;151:2273-2277.
Schon D. Educating the Reflective Practitioner. San Francisco, Calif: Jossey-Bass; 1987.
Beckman H, Frankel R, Kihm J, Kulesz G, Geheb M. Measurement and improvement of humanistic skills in first-year trainees. J Gen Intern Med.1990;5:42-45.
Weiner EL, Swain GR, Wolf B, Gottlieb M. A qualitative study of physicians' own wellness-promotion practices. West J Med.2001;174:19-23.
Weisman AD. The Realization of Death. New York, NY: Jason Aronson; 1974.
Block S. Using problem-based learning to enhance the psychosocial competence
of medical students. Acad Psychiatry.1996;20:65-75.
Billings JA, Block S. Palliative care in undergraduate medical education: status report and
future directions. JAMA.1997;278:733-738.
Block S, Billings JA. Nurturing humanism through teaching palliative care. Acad Med.1998;73:763-765.
Meier DE, Morrison RS, Cassel CK. Improving palliative care. Ann Intern Med.1997;127:225-230.
Benoliel JQ. Health care providers and dying patients: critical issues in terminal care. Omega (Westport).1987-88;18:341-363.
Buckman R. How to Break Bad News: A Guide for Health Care Professionals. Toronto, Ontario: University of Toronto Press; 1992.
Novack D, Kaplan C. Personal awareness and professional growth: a proposed curriculum. Med Encounter.1997;13:2-8.
Gorlin R, Zucker HD. Physicians' reactions to patients: a key to teaching humanistic medicine. N Engl J Med.1983;308:1059-1063.
Billings JA. On being a reluctant physician—strains and rewards in caring
for the dying at home. In: Andrews BJ, ed. Outpatient Management of Advanced
Cancer: Symptom Control, Support, and Hospice-in-the-Home. Philadelphia,
Pa: Lippincott & Co; 1985:309-318.
Gorlin R, Strain J, Rhodes R. Cultural collisions at the bedside: social expectations and value triage
in medical practice. Camb Q Healthc Ethics.2001;10:7-15.
Goold SD, Williams B, Arnold RM. Conflicts regarding decisions to limit treatment: a differential diagnosis. JAMA.2000;283:909-914.
Breen CM, Abernethy AP, Abbott KH, Tulsky JA. Conflict associated with decisions to limit life-sustaining treatment
in intensive care units. J Gen Intern Med.2001;16:283-289.
Freeborn D. Satisfaction, commitment, and psychological well-being among HMO physicians. Permanente J.2000;2:22-30.
Snibbe J, Radcliffe T, Weisberger C, Richards M, Kelly J. Burnout among primary care physicians and mental health professionals
in a managed health care setting. Psychol Rep.1989;65:775-780.
Charon R. Medicine, the novel, and the passage of time. Ann Intern Med.2000;132:63-68.
Maltsberger JT, Buie DH. Countertransference hate in treatment of suicidal patients. Arch Gen Psychiatry.1974;30:625-633.
The AM, Hak T, Koeter G, van der Wal G. Collusion in doctor-patient communication about imminent death: an
ethnographic study. BMJ.2000;321:1376-1381.
Jecker NS. Medical futility and care of dying patients. West J Med.1995;163:287-291.
Dozor RB, Addison RB. Toward a good death: an interpretive investigation of family practice
residents' practices with dying patients. Fam Med.1992;24:538-543.
Faber-Langendoen K. A multi-institutional study of care given to patients dying in hospitals:
ethical and practice implications. Arch Intern Med.1996;156:2130-2136.
Max MB. Improving outcomes of analgesic treatment: is education enough? Ann Intern Med.1990;113:885-889.
McCue J. The distress of internship: causes and prevention. N Engl J Med.1985;312:449-452.
Crouch M. Working with one's own family: another path for professional development. Fam Med.1986;18:93-98.
Mengel M. Physician ineffectiveness due to family-of-origin issues. Fam Syst Med.1987;5:176-190.
Manian FA. Physicians vs physicians. Arch Intern Med.2001;161:801-802.
Charon R. Narrative medicine: form, function, and ethics. Ann Intern Med.2001;134:83-87.
Hurwitz B. Narrative and the practice of medicine. Lancet.2000;356:2086-2089.
Bradshaw S, Burton P. Naming: a measure of relationships in a ward milieu. Bull Menninger Clin.1976;40:665-670.
Epstein RM. Mindful practice. JAMA.1999;282:833-839.
Rabow MW, McPhee SJ. Doctoring to heal: fostering well-being among physicians through personal
reflection. West J Med.2001;174:66-69.
Liossi C, Hatira P, Mystakidou K. The use of the genogram in palliative care. Palliat Med.1997;11:455-461.
Balint M. The Doctor, His Patient, and the Illness. New York, NY: International University Press Inc; 1972.
Howells K, Field D. Fear of death and dying among medical students. Soc Sci Med.1982;16:1421-1424.
Lubitz RM, Nguyen DD. Medical student abuse during third-year clerkships. JAMA.1996;275:414-416.
Ramirez A, Graham J, Richard M.
et al. Burnout and psychiatric disorder among cancer clinicians. Br J Cancer.1995;71:1263-1269.