Study concept and design: Reynolds, Hayakawa, Warner-Richter.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Reynolds, Hayakawa, Lease, Ou, Sullivan.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Richardson, Hayakawa, Warner-Richter, Englund.
Statistical analysis: Reynolds, Richardson, Hayakawa, Englund.
Obtained funding: Reynolds.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Reynolds, Hayakawa, Lease, Warner-Richter, Englund, Ou, Sullivan.
Study supervision: Reynolds, Englund.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Reynolds reported that he developed the Midwest CPC expansion intervention in collaboration with the project partners. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: Preparation of this report was supported by grant U411B110098 from the US Department of Education’s Investing in Innovation Fund and the following contributors: J. B. and M. K. Pritzker Family Foundation, McCormick Foundation, Boeing Corp, Evanston Community Foundation, Finnegan Family Foundation, Lewis-Sebring Family Foundation, Foundation65, Northwestern University, Elizabeth Beidler Tisdahl Foundation, Target Corp, W. K. Kellogg Foundation, Doris Duke Charitable Trust, Foundation for Child Development, McKnight Foundation, Greater Twin Cities United Way, St Paul Foundation, Minneapolis Foundation, and the Joyce Foundation. Support also was provided by grant R01HD034294 from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the sponsors and funders of this project.
Additional Contributions: We thank the Office of Early Childhood Education in the Chicago Public School District and 17 CPC schools (1 begins in kindergarten) for their extensive collaboration in the Midwest CPC Expansion Project. Special thanks go to Elizabeth Mascitti-Miller, chief officer of the Office of Early Childhood Education; Chrisopher Rosean, executive director of the Office of Early Childhood Education; Jaclyn Vasquez, CPC manager, Chicago Public Schools; and Serah Fatani, research manager. We thank Barbara Bowman, Paula Cottone, and Sonja Griffin for their leadership in developing the project. Anita President, Desiree Booker, Gwendolyn Jackson, Helen Haley, and Anne Gaddis have also made valuable contributions as site mentors. We thank our project partners, including Christine Maxwell, Linda Hamburg, and Anna Jerabek at the Erikson Institute, Erika Hunt and Lisa Hood at the Center of the Study of Education Policy at Illinois State University, and Donna Spiker, Erika Gaylor, and Katherine Fergusion at SRI International, for their contributions to the project. All of these contributors were compensated by the University of Minnesota Midwest CPC expansion grant. The following organizations received subawards to the prime award to the university: Chicago Public School District, SRI International, Erikson Institute, Illinois State University, Evanston-Skokie School District 65, McLean County Unit District 5, St Paul Public School District, and Arrowhead Economic Opportunity Agency Inc with the Virginia Public School District in Minnesota. We thank the HCRC team of Art Rolnick, Judy Temple, Nicole Smerillo, Allyson Candee, Ellen Lepinski, Allie Giovanelli, Meg Soli, and Christina Mondi, none of whom received compensation beyond their regular salaries.
Correction: This article was corrected for 2 typographical errors on November 25, 2014.