The first Declaration of Helsinki adopted by the World Medical Association
in 1964 was one of the first attempts to transform reactions to the atrocities
committed in the name of biomedical research during the Nazi period into preventive
measures with a full global perspective. The second version, released in 1975,
was rewritten from an observation point closer to active clinical science.
The resulting impact on biomedical science was obvious within a few years.
The requirement to establish research ethics committees made research ethics
visible, not only among scientists but also in society at large.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 8
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.