The first Declaration of Helsinki adopted by the World Medical Association
in 1964 was one of the first attempts to transform reactions to the atrocities
committed in the name of biomedical research during the Nazi period into preventive
measures with a full global perspective. The second version, released in 1975,
was rewritten from an observation point closer to active clinical science.
The resulting impact on biomedical science was obvious within a few years.
The requirement to establish research ethics committees made research ethics
visible, not only among scientists but also in society at large.
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