For nearly 15 years, we have advocated abolition of laboratory-based,
on-site testing for gender verification in sports competition.1- 11
The ostensible goal of gender verification is to ensure that female athletes
do not unwittingly compete against men. Given that men presumably would have
an unfair competitive advantage on the basis of speed or muscle mass, such
a policy superficially seems endorsable on the grounds of fairness. In reality,
gender verification tests are difficult, expensive, and potentially inaccurate.1,4,8,10 Furthermore,
these tests fail to exclude all potential impostors (eg, some 46,XX males),
are discriminatory against women with disorders of sexual development, and
may have shattering consequences for athletes who "fail" a test.1,4,10
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 22
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.