This report examines data collected through the American
Annual Survey of Graduate Medical Education Programs for
1999-2000 and compares
these data with similar data collected during the past several
number of resident physicians enrolled during 1999-2000 was 606
during the previous year; graduates of US osteopathic medical
had the greatest proportional increase (5.2%). The number of
graduate medical education (GME) for the first time in 1999-2000
(n = 22,320)
also increased, with the number of USDOs increasing the most, by
by international medical graduates (IMGs) at 6.5%. Between
1998-1999 and 1999-2000, the number of physicians with prior US
first-year positions for which prior GME was not required (GY1
increased by more than 300 (12%). Compared with graduates of US
and osteopathic medical schools (USMGs), IMGs were more likely
to seek additional
training after graduating from a program. However, this was not
true of IMGs
who were US citizens or who had been naturalized or had
status. For the second year in a row, the number of white
graduates of US
allopathic medical schools (USMDs) entering GME has declined
the number of Hispanic GY1 USMDs has increased by 10.5%. The
number of Asian
GY1 USMDs increased steadily (11.0%) but the number of blacks
7.1% from 1998-1999. Growth continues, both in numbers and in
of physicians in training, and must be considered in the future
of policy to guide US GME.
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