Academic medicine in the United States has striven for the
last 30 years,
with equivocal success, to achieve an equitable representation
students in medical schools.1 The
recent national effort was launched in 1991 with the Association
Medical Colleges' "3000 by 2000" initiative.2,3
In 1997, Jordan J. Cohen, MD, president of the Association of
Colleges, declared that the initiative had already produced some
results.4 However, he also warned
were early signs of some reversal in these gains, and pointed to
backlash against affirmative action, as expressed in the Hopwood decision in Texas and in Proposition
209 in California.
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