Lubitz J, Riley GF. Trends in Medicare payments in the last year of life. N Engl J Med.1993;328:1092-1096.
Gardner P, Hudson BL. Advance Report of Final Mortality Statistics, 1993; Vol 44. Hyattsville, Md: National Center for Health Statistics; 1996. Monthly
Vital Statistics Report No. 7.
Fries JF. Aging, natural death, and the compression of morbidity. N Engl J Med.1980;303:130-135.
Gruenberg EM. The failure of success. Milbank Q.1977;55:3-24.
Olshansky SJ, Budberg MA, Carnes BA, Cassel CK, Brody JA. Trading off longer life for worsening health: the expansion of morbidity
hypothesis. J Aging Health.1991;3:194-216.
Verbrugge LM. Longer life but worsening health? trends in health and mortality of
middle-aged and older persons. Milbank Q.1984;62:475-519.
Colvez A, Blanchet M. Potential gains in life expectancy free of disability: a tool for health
planning. Int J Epidemiol.1983;12:86-91.
Manton KG, Corder LS, Stallard E. Chronic disability trends in elderly United States population, 1982-1994. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.1997;94:2593-2598.
Crimmins EM, Saito Y, Ingegneri D. Trends in disability-free life expectancy in the United States, 1970-1990. Popul Dev Rev.1997;23:555-572.
Crimmins EM, Saito Y, Reynolds SL. Further evidence on recent trends in the prevalence and incidence of
disability among older Americans from two sources: the LSOA and the NHIS. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci.1997;52:S59-S71.
Freedman VA, Martin LG. Understanding trends in functional limitations among older Americans. Am J Public Health.1998;88:1457-1462.
Guralnik JM, LaCroix AZ, Branch LG, Kasl SV, Wallace RB. Morbidity and disability in older persons in the years prior to death. Am J Public Health.1991;81:443-447.
Seeman I. National Mortality Followback Survey: 1986 Summary,
United States. Hyattsville, Md: National Center for Health Statistics; 1992. Vital
and Health Statistics Series 20, No.19. Publication 921856.
Lentzner HR, Pamuk ER, Rhodenhiser EP, Rothenberg R, Powell-Griner E. The quality of life in the year before death. Am J Public Health.1992;82:1093-1098.
National Center for Health Statistics. The National Mortality Followback Survey, 1993, Provisional
Data. Hyattsville, Md. US Dept of Health and Human Services, Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention; 1998.
Shah BV, Barnwell BG, Bieler GS. SUDAAN User's Manual, Release 7.0. Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute; 1996.
Health, United States, 1995. Hyattsville, Md: National Center for Health
Strahan GW. An Overview of Nursing Homes and Their Current Residents:
Data From the 1995 National Nursing Home Survey. Hyattsville, Md: National Center for Health Statistics; 1997. Advance
Data From Vital and Health Statistics Series, No. 280.
Russell JN, Hendershot GE, LeClere F, Howie LJ, Adler M. Trends and Differential Use of Assistive Technology
Devices: United States, 1994. Hyattsville, Md: National Center for Health Statistics; 1997. Advance
Data From Vital and Health Statistics Series, No. 292.
US Bureau of the Census. 1990 Census of Population. Washington, DC: US Bureau of the Census; 1991. Series CPH-L-74.
Lakatta EG. Health, disease and cardiovascular aging. In: Health in an Older Society, US Committee on
an Aging Society. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1985:73-104.
Katzman R. Age and age-dependent disease: cognition and dementia. In: Health in an Older Society, US Committee on
an Aging Society. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1985:129-152.
Suzman RM, Harris T, Hadley EC, Kovar MG, Weindruch R. The robust oldest old: optimistic perspectives for increasing healthy
life expectancy. In: Suzman RM, Willis DP, Manton KG, eds. The Oldest
Old. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 1992:341-358.
Manton KG, Soldo BJ. Disability and mortality among the oldest old: implications for current
and future health and long-term-care service needs. In: Suzman RM, Willis DP, Manton KG, eds. The Oldest
Old. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 1992:199-250.
Shapiro E. Impending death and the use of hospitalization by the elderly. J Am Geriatr Soc.1983;31:348-351.
Lubitz J, Beebe J, Baker C. Longevity and medicare expenditures. N Engl J Med.1995;332:999-1003.
Scitovsky AA. Medical care in the last twelve months of life: the relation between
age, functional status, and medical care expenditures. Milbank Q.1988;66:640-660.
Grabbe L, Demi AS, Whittington F, Jones JM, Branch LG, Lambert R. Functional status and the use of formal home care in the year before
death. J Aging Health.1995;7:339-364.
Moore JC. Self/proxy response status and survey response quality: a review of
the literature. J Off Stat.1988;4:155-172.
Rothman ML, Hedrick SC, Bulcroft KA, Hickam DH, Rubenstein LZ. The validity of proxy-generated scores as measures of patient health
status. Med Care.1991;29:115-124.
Lawrence RH. The structure of physical health status: comparing proxies and self-respondents. J Aging Health.1995;7:74-98.