Study concept and design: Hinman, McCrory, Pirotta, Relf, Forbes, Crossley, Harris, Reddy, Conaghan, Bennell.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Hinman, McCrory, Pirotta, Relf, Forbes, Williamson, Kyriakides, Novy, Metcalf, Harris, Reddy, Bennell.
Drafting of the manuscript: Hinman, McCrory, Pirotta, Relf, Forbes, Kyriakides, Novy, Metcalf, Harris, Bennell.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Hinman, McCrory, Pirotta, Relf, Forbes, Crossley, Williamson, Kyriakides, Novy, Metcalf, Harris, Reddy, Conaghan, Bennell.
Statistical analysis: Forbes, Williamson, Metcalf, Reddy.
Obtained funding: Hinman, McCrory, Pirotta, Relf, Crossley, Reddy, Conaghan, Bennell.
Administrative, technical, or material support: McCrory, Relf, Kyriakides, Novy, Metcalf.
Study supervision: Hinman, McCrory, Pirotta, Relf, Bennell.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Hinman reported having received (along with the University of Melbourne) royalties from the sales of a shoe (Gel Melbourne OA) by Asics. Dr McCrory reported having served as a consultant to Horse Racing Association UK, Cogstate, and University of Otago in New Zealand; having received grants from the Victorian Government, International Rugby Board, Australian Football League Research Foundation, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Glaxo Wellcome, Ipsen, Janssen-Cilag, Schering, Novartis, and Parke-Davis; having received book royalties from McGraw Hill; having received payment for developing educational presentations from Axon Sports; having owned stock or stock options with Symphony Healthcare and Raptor Compression Technology; and having received travel expenses from FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association), International Olympic Committee, Horse Racing Association UK, American Academy of Neurology, and Aspetar Hospital in Qatar. Dr Bennell reported having received consultation fees from Physitrack and (along with the University of Melbourne) royalties from the sales of a shoe (Gel Melbourne OA) by Asics. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This trial was funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (project 566783). Drs Hinman and Bennell are both funded in part by Australian Research Council Future Fellowships (FT130100175 and FT0991413, respectively). Dr McCrory is funded in part by a National Health and Medical Research Council Practitioner Fellowship (1026383). Dr Pirotta is funded in part by a National Health and Medical Research Council Career Development Fellowship (1050830). Dr Williamson was funded in part by a National Health and Medical Research Council grant (1004233).
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The study sponsor had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: The project acupuncturists who provided the acupuncture interventions were paid on a consultancy basis for treatments provided. The doctors who delivered the acupuncture treatments were Ian Relf, MBBS, Department of General Practice, School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia; Paul Ghaie, MBBS, Department of General Practice, Monash University, Melbourne; Sandra Martin, MBBS, Laser Therapy Centre, Glen Waverly, Melbourne; Danny Traum, MBBS, Dr D. J. Traum Laser Acupuncture Clinic, Malvern, Melbourne; Paul Coughlan, MBBCh, Traralgon Medical Centre, Traralgon, Australia; Robert Meyer, MBBS, Lime Medical Clinic, Mildura, Australia; Malcolm MacDonald, MBBS, Barnard St Clinic, Bendigo, Australia; Tim Denton, MBBS, Surfcoast Medical Centre, Torquay, and Geelong GP Super Clinic, Belmont, Australia.