Study concept and design: Dhalla, O’Brien, Morra, Thorpe, Wong, Mehta, Abrams, Ko, Bell, Gruneir, Lewis, Daub, Rochon, Laupacis.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Dhalla, Morra, Thorpe, Mehta, Frost, Van Rooyen, Bell, Gruneir, Daub, Anderson, Hawker, Laupacis.
Drafting of the manuscript: Dhalla, Van Rooyen.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Dhalla, O’Brien, Morra, Thorpe, Wong, Mehta, Frost, Abrams, Ko, Bell, Gruneir, Lewis, Daub, Hawker, Rochon, Laupacis.
Statistical analysis: Dhalla, Thorpe.
Obtained funding: Dhalla, Morra, Mehta, Bell, Gruneir, Daub, Anderson, Rochon, Laupacis.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Dhalla, O’Brien, Morra, Wong, Mehta, Frost, Abrams, Ko, Van Rooyen, Hawker.
Study supervision: Dhalla, O’Brien, Morra, Mehta, Frost, Rochon, Laupacis.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: This research was funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, the Green Shield Canada Foundation, the University of Toronto Department of Medicine, and the AcademicFunding Plan Innovation Fund.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: None of the funder or sponsors had any role in the design of the study, the conduct of the study, the collection, management, analysis or interpretation of the data, or the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: We would like to thank the various groups and committees that made this trial possible: the Data and Safety Monitoring Board (Dave Sackett [chair], Bill Ghali, Finlay McAlister, Lehana Thabane, Mark Rochon), the Virtual Ward Steering Committee (Stacey Daub [cochair]; Gillian Hawker [cochair], Howard Abrams, Irfan Dhalla, Phil Ellison, Marnie Escaf, Francoise Ko, Andreas Laupacis, Anne Marie MacLeod, Rajin Mehta, Heather McPherson, Dante Morra, Ophyr Mourad, Jim O’Neill, Paula Rochon, Fredrika Scarth, Tom Stewart), the Virtual Ward Operations Committee (Francoise Ko [chair], Jamie Arthur, Cris Barrett, Leslie Beard, Irfan Dhalla, Paul Griffin, Catharine McManamon, Tara O’Brien, Dipti Purbhoo, Norm Umali, Brian Wong), and the Virtual Ward Physician Committee (Bob Hyland [chair], Irfan Dhalla, David Frost, Francoise Ko, Rajin Mehta, Tara O’Brien, Mirek Otremba, Tia Pham, Brian Wong, Rob Wu). Additionally, we thank the following individuals for their help with various aspects of the study and manuscript: Miin Alikhan, Michelle Ang, Leslie Ashley, Cailin Bator, Mahmood Beheshti, Wee-Shian Chan, Kendra Delicaet, Stephanie DeMasi, Pamela De Verno, Lorraine Greaves, Judith Hall, Stephen Hwang, Trevor Jamieson, Tara Kiran, Natascha Kozlowski, Wendy Levinson, Nelson Lo, Braden Manns, Ophyr Mourad, Tim Pauley, Lina Pham, Dipti Purbhoo, Laura Pus, Fredrika Scarth, Steve Shadowitz, Arthur Slutsky, Kim Tran, Filomena Valle-Leutri, Carl van Walraven, Rob Wu, and Winnie Yau. We are particularly grateful to the health care professionals who were part of the virtual ward team: Jane Ascroft, Bess Diamantopoulos, Lydia Dimitrievska, Effie Galanis, Michelle Herman, Jeannette Hilliges, Joanne Hunter, Jacqueline Lyn, Anne-Marie Murphy, Grace Sangle, Elisabete Spinasse, Tharexa Sribilan, Norm Umali, Milan Barboza, Pascal Bastien, Mark Bonta, Tina Borschel, Savannah Cardew, Wee Shian Chan, Irfan Dhalla, David Frost, Stephen Hwang, Trevor Jamieson, Pieter Jugovic, Peter Kopplin, Shoba Kumar, Andreas Laupacis, Ken Locke, Rajin Mehta, Josiah Moffatt, Punam Mony Singh, Tara O’Brien, Navindra Persaud, Samir Sinha, Graham Slaughter, Sharon Straus, Brie Volpini, and Brian Wong. Most of all, we are grateful to the patients who volunteered to be part of this study. No one mentioned herein received additional remuneration for participating in the research or helping in the editorial process.