Study concept and design: Ebrahim, Thorlund, Mills, Ioannidis.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Ebrahim, Sohani, Montoya, Agarwal, Ioannidis.
Drafting of the manuscript: Ebrahim, Ioannidis.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Ebrahim, Ioannidis.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Ebrahim, Sohani, Montoya, Agarwal.
Study supervision: Ioannidis.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: Dr Ebrahim reports receiving support from MITACS Elevate and SickKids Restracomp Postdoctoral Awards. Dr Mills reports receiving support via a Canadian Institutes of Health Research Canada Research Chair.
Role of the Funders/Sponsors: Sponsors providing individual financial support to authors did not have a role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.