Committee to Advise the Public Health
Service on Clinical Practice Guidelines, Institute of Medicine. Field MJ, Lohr KN. Clinical Practice Guidelines: Directions of a
New Program. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1990.
Lewis CE. Variations in the incidence of surgery. N
Engl J Med.1969;281:880-884.
Wennberg J, Gittelsohn A. Small-area variations in
health care delivery. Science.1973;182:1102-1108.
Stockwell H, Vayada E. Variations in surgery in Ontario. Med Care.1979;17:390-396.
Roos NP. Hysterectomy: variations in raters across small
areas and across physicians' practices. Am J Public Health.1984;74:327-335.
Chassin MR, Brook RH, Park RE.
et al. Variations in the
use of medical and surgical services by the Medicare population. N Engl J Med.1986;314:285-290.
Chassin MR, Kosecoff J, Park RE.
et al. Does
inappropriate use explain geographic variations in the use of health
care services? a study of three procedures. JAMA.1987;258:2533-2537.
Woolf SH. Practice guidelines: a new reality in
medicine, I: recent developments. Arch Intern Med.1990;150:1811-1818.
Berg AO, Atkins D, Tierney W. Clinical practice
guidelines in practice and education. J Gen Intern Med.1997;12(suppl 2):S25-S33.
Eddy DM. A Manual for Assessing Health Practices
and Designing Practice Policies: The Explicit Approach. Philadelphia, Pa: American College of Physicians; 1992.
American Medical Association, Office of Quality
Assurance. Attributes to Guide the Development and Evaluation of
Practice Parameters. Chicago, Ill: American Medical Association;
Canadian Medical Association. Quality of Care
Program: The Guidelines for Canadian Clinical Practice Guidelines. Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Medical Association; 1993.
Woolf SH. Manual for Clinical Practice Guideline
Development. Rockville, Md: Agency for Health Care Policy and
Research; 1991. AHCPR publication 91-0007.
Hayward RSA, Wilson MC, Tunis SR, Bass EB, Rubin HR, Haynes RB. More informative abstracts of articles describing clinical
practice guidelines. Ann Intern Med.1993;118:731-737.
Hayward RS, Wilson MC, Tunis SR, Bass EB, Guyatt GH. Users' guides to the medical literature, VIII: how to use clinical
practice guidelines, A: are the recommendations valid? JAMA.1995;274:570-574.
Not Available. Directory of Practice Parameters-1995 Edition. Chicago, Ill: American Medical Association; 1995.
Landis JR, Koch GG. The measurement of observer
agreement for categorical data. Biometrics.1977;33:159-174.
Oxman AD, Guyatt GH. The science of reviewing research. Ann N Y Acad Sci.1993;703:125-134.
Chalmers I, Altman DG. Systematic
Reviews. London, England: BMJ Publishing Group; 1995.
Woolf SH. Manual for Conducting Systematic
Reviews. Rockville, Md: Agency for Health Care Policy and Research;
Counsell C. Formulating questions and locating primary
studies for inclusion in systematic reviews. Ann Intern Med.1997;127:380-387.
Meade MO, Richardson SW. Selecting and appraising
studies for a systematic review. Ann Intern Med.1997;127:531-537.
Hlatky MA. Patient preferences and clinical guidelines. JAMA.1995;273:1219-1220.
Cook DJ, Greengold NL, Ellrodt AG, Weingarten SR. The
relation between systematic reviews and practice guidelines. Ann
Leitch AM, Dodd GD, Costanza M.
et al. American Cancer
Society guidelines for the early detection of breast cancer: update
1997. CA Cancer J Clin.1997;47:150-153.
National Institutes of Health Consensus Development
Panel. National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference
Statement: breast cancer screening for women ages 40-49, January 21-23,
1997. J Natl Cancer Inst.1997;89:1015-1020.
US Preventive Services Task Force. Guide to
Clinical Preventive Services. 2nd ed. Baltimore, Md: Williams &
American College of Physicians. Screening for prostate
cancer. Ann Intern Med.1997;126:480-484.
Begg C, Cho M, Eastwood S.
et al. Improving the quality
of reporting of randomized controlled trials: the CONSORT statement. JAMA.1996;276:637-639.
Cook DJ, Sackett DL, Spitzer WO. Methodological
guidelines for systematic reviews of randomized control trials in
health care from the POTSDAM consultation on meta-analysis. J Clin
Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. AHCPR
to collaborate with AMA and AAHP to develop a national guideline
clearinghouse. Res Activ.1997;205:16.