Study concept and design: Rigotti, Levy, Japuntich, Park, Viana, Kelley, Reyen, Singer.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Rigotti, Regan, Levy, Japuntich, Chang, Viana, Singer.
Drafting of the manuscript: Rigotti, Chang.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Regan, Levy, Japuntich, Park, Viana, Kelley, Reyen, Singer.
Statistical analysis: Rigotti, Regan, Chang, Singer.
Obtained funding: Rigotti.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Japuntich, Viana, Kelley, Reyen.
Study supervision: Rigotti, Japuntich, Park, Reyen.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Rigotti reported being an unpaid consultant for Pfizer Inc and Alere Wellbeing Inc regarding smoking cessation; receiving royalties from UpToDate for reviews on smoking cessation; and receiving reimbursement for travel expenses from Pfizer to attend a consultant meeting. Dr Levy reported being a paid consultant to CVS Inc to provide expertise on tobacco policy. Dr Park reported receiving a grant from Pfizer to provide free varenicline for use in a trial funded by the National Cancer Institute. Dr Singer reported being a paid consultant for Pfizer Inc on matters separate from smoking cessation. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by grants RC1 HL099668 and K24 HL004440 from the National Institutes of Health/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. This study is part of the Consortium of Hospitals Advancing Research on Tobacco initiative, jointly sponsored by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, the National Cancer Institute, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and the National Institutes of Health Office of Behavioral and Social Science Research. TelAsk Technologies (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada) developed and provided the interactive voice response services and was compensated for this work by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute grants that funded the project. This work was supported in part by career development award 1IK2CX000918-01A1 (Dr Japuntich) from the US Department of Veterans Affairs Clinical Sciences Research and Development Service.
Role of the Sponsors: The sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The contents do not represent the views of the US Department of Veterans Affairs or the US government.
Additional Contributions: We thank Molly Korotkin, Joanna Streck, and Justyna Tymoszczuk (research assistants, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston) who collected data as part of their salaried jobs, which are supported by the grants that funded the project. We also thank Beth Ewy, MPH, Caitlin McCann, BA, Nancy McCleary, RN, Kathleen McKool, RN, MSN, and Jean Mizer, RN (counselors, Massachusetts General Hospital Tobacco Treatment Service), who screened patients for eligibility as part of their positions funded by the hospital. We are grateful to our National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Project Officers William Riley, PhD, and Catherine Stoney, PhD, for guidance. Drs Riley and Stoney were not compensated for their contributions.