abstract is, aside from the title, the most frequently read and most
easily accessed portion of an article reporting original biomedical
research. The abstract provides an irreplaceable resource for busy
clinicians, researchers, and authors searching for pertinent material
in the source journal or in computerized databases. JAMA began
publishing abstracts with articles on January 7, 1956, predating
MEDLINE by a decade; other journals followed suit.1
Structure was not added to JAMA abstracts until
19912 when the structured format developed by Haynes et
al3 and tested4 and evolved5 in
Annals of Internal Medicine with the help of Edward J. Huth,
MD, then Annals' editor, was adopted. Reading the abstract
has never been a substitute for reading the article: crucial details of
the study, such as patient selection and follow-up, definition of
outcome measures, and study limitations, receive short shrift in the
terse style of the abstract.6,7 A simple and
straightforward abstract may obscure a more complex (and realistic)
story within the text. These limitations aside, however, the abstract
provides the reader with an efficient summary of the study that
facilitates scanning many articles to find those that are the most
pertinent to the reader's interests and needs.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 42
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
The Rational Clinical Examination: Evidence-Based Clinical Diagnosis
All results at
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.