Today, the phrase "disease prevention and health promotion" is commonly
encountered. The idea of disease prevention alone is quite clear:
"Primary prevention means averting the occurrence of
disease . . . [and] . . . secondary prevention means
halting the progression of a disease from its early unrecognized stage
to a more severe one."1
During this century, disease prevention has changed largely from
focusing on reducing environmental exposures over which the individual
had little personal control, such as providing potable water, to
emphasizing behaviors such as avoiding use of tobacco, fatty foods, and
a sedentary lifestyle. Although individuals have a choice in these
matters, as early as 1952 the President's Commission on Health Needs
of the Nation noted that such individual responsibility for health can
be fully effective only if society ensures access to necessary
education and professional services.2 More recent reviews
also have cited the need for social support for individual health
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 66
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.