Study concept and design: Johnson, Hall, Hu, Lansky, Mermin.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Johnson, Hall, Hu, Lansky, Holtgrave.
Drafting of the manuscript: Johnson, Hu, Mermin.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Johnson, Hall, Hu.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Hall, Holtgrave.
Study supervision: Hall, Lansky, Mermin.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Holtgrave reported that Johns Hopkins University received grant support from Johnson & Johnson and the Female Health Company outside of the scope of this article. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: The CDC provides funds to all states and the District of Columbia to conduct the HIV surveillance data used in this study.
Role of the Sponsor: The CDC had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions in this study are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the CDC.