The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) was widely hailed
at the time of its enactment in 1990 as providing broad protection
against disability discrimination, including discrimination against
individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In
the years since its enactment, however, courts frequently interpreted
the ADA as providing far less protection than was initially
anticipated. The Supreme Court's first case involving HIV and the
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, Bragdon v Abbott,
addressed this trend by ruling that a woman with asymptomatic HIV
infection is protected from discrimination in accessing dental
services. In doing so, the Court endorsed an interpretation of the ADA
that is broadly protective for individuals with disabilities. The Court
also ruled that health care professionals may legally refuse to treat a
patient because of concern that the patient poses a direct threat to
safety only if there is an objective, scientific basis for concluding
that the threat to safety is significant. In addition to the ADA, state
laws frequently prohibit disability discrimination and apply to some
employers and others not regulated by federal law. A state-by-state
survey of those laws demonstrates that, consistent with Bragdon v
Abbott, individuals with asymptomatic HIV have widespread
protection on the state level.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 20
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Users' Guides to the Medical Literature
For example, a trial of intravenous immunoglobulin in advanced human immunodeficiency infection...
The Rational Clinical Examination
Evidence Summary and Review 3
All results at
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.