Study concept and design: Iranmanesh, Frossard, Morel, Majno, Nguyen-Tang, Berney, Mentha, Toso.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Iranmanesh, Frossard, Mugnier-Konrad, Majno, Toso.
Drafting of the manuscript: Iranmanesh, Frossard.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Iranmanesh, Frossard, Mugnier-Konrad, Morel, Majno, Nguyen-Tang, Berney, Mentha, Toso.
Statistical analysis: Iranmanesh.
Obtained funding: Toso.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Iranmanesh, Mugnier-Konrad, Majno, Nguyen-Tang, Berney, Mentha.
Study supervision: Iranmanesh, Frossard, Morel, Majno, Berney, Mentha, Toso.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Toso reports receipt of salary support from the Swiss National Science Foundation (PP00P3 139021). This grant was not given specifically for the present study and was not used for its conduct. The other authors report no disclosures.
Additional Contributions: We thank Christophe Combescure, PhD, Clinical Research Center, Geneva University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland, for the methodological support and the independent and blind statistical analyses. Dr Combescure did not receive compensation in association with his contribution to this article.
Additional Information: Professor Gilles Mentha, MD, passed away unexpectedly on May 25, 2014, after bringing key input into the study. He was a world-renowned hepatobiliary and transplant surgeon, and professor of surgery at the Geneva University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland. The coauthors pay tribute to his humane personality, clinical expertise, scientific excellence, and numerous endeavors in the field of liver surgery and transplantation. He was an example and a mentor. He will be greatly missed.