Eisenberg N, Owens RG, Dewey ME. Attitudes of health
professionals to child sexual abuse and incest. Child Abuse
Hibbard RA, Zollinger TW. Medical evaluation referral
patterns for sexual abuse victims. Child Abuse Negl.1992;16:533-540.
Associated Press. Sex abuse is claimed in school
slayings case. The New York Times.April 7, 1998:A18.
McFadden RD. Suspect in New Jersey strangling was
reportedly sex-case victim. The New York Times.October 3,
Finkelhor D. Boys as victims: review of the evidence. In: Child Sexual Abuse: New Theory and Research.New York, NY:
The Free Press; 1984:150-170.
Bagley C, Genuis M. Psychology of computer use, XX,
sexual abuse recalled: evaluation of a computerized questionnaire in a
population of young adult males. Percept Mot Skills.1991;72:287-288.
Bagley C, Bolitho F, Bertrand L. Mental health profiles,
suicidal behavior, and community sexual assault in 2112 Canadian
Bartholow BN, Doll LS, Joy D.
et al. Emotional,
behavioral, and HIV risks associated with sexual abuse among adult
homosexual and bisexual men. Child Abuse Negl.1994;18:747-761.
Becker JV, Hunter JA, Stein RM, Kaplan MS. Factors
associated with erection in adolescent sex offenders. J
Psychopathol Behav Assess.1989;11:353-362.
Becker J, Stein RM. Is sexual erotica associated with
sexual deviance in adolescent males? Int J Law Psychiatry.1991;14:85-95.
Bernstein DP, Ahluvalia T, Pogge D, Handelsman L. Validity of the childhood trauma questionnaire in an adolescent
psychiatric population. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.1997;36:340-348.
Boney-McCoy S, Finkelhor D. Prior victimization: a risk
factor for child sexual abuse and for PTSD-related symptomatology among
sexually abused youth. Child Abuse Negl.1995;19:1401-1421.
Boney-McCoy S, Finkelhor D. Psychosocial sequelae of
violent victimization in a national youth sample. J Consult Clin
Boudewyn AC, Liem JH. Childhood sexual abuse as a
precursor to depression and self-destructive behavior in adulthood. J Trauma Stress.1995;8:445-459.
Boyd CJ, Blow F, Orgain LS. Gender differences among
African-American substance abusers. J Psychoactive Drugs.1993;25:301-305.
Briere J, Evans D, Runtz M, Wall T. Symptomatology in
men who were molested as children: a comparison study. Am J
Briere J, Smiljanich K, Henschel D. Sexual fantasies,
gender, and molestation history. Child Abuse Negl.1994;18:131-137.
Broussard SD, Wagner WG. Child sexual abuse: who is to
blame? Child Abuse Negl.1988;12:563-569.
Brown GR, Anderson B. Psychiatric morbidity in
adult inpatients with childhood histories of sexual and physical abuse. Am J Psychiatry.1991;148:55-61.
Brown LK, Kessel SM, Lourie KJ, Ford HH, Lipsitt LP. Influence of sexual abuse on HIV-related attitudes and behaviors in
adolescent psychiatric inpatients. J Am Acad Child Adolesc
Burgess AW, Hartman CR, McCormack A. Abused to abuser:
antecedents of socially deviant behaviors. Am J Psychiatry.1987;144:1431-1436.
Burgess AW, Hazelwood RR, Rokous FE, Hartman CR, Burgess AG. Serial rapists and their victims: reenactment and
repetition. Ann N Y Acad Sci.1988;528:277-295.
Cappelleri JC, Eckenrode J, Powers JL. The epidemiology
of child abuse: findings from the Second National Incidence and
Prevalence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect. Am J Public
Carballo-Dieguez A, Dolezal C. Association between
history of childhood sexual abuse and adult HIV-risk sexual behavior in
Puerto Rican men who have sex with men. Child Abuse Negl.1995;19:595-605.
Claytor RN, Barth KL, Shubin CI. Evaluating child
sexual abuse: observations regarding ano-genital injury. Clin
Cole C. Routine comprehensive inquiry for abuse: a
justifiable clinical assessment procedure? Clin Soc Work J.1988;16:33-42.
Cupoli JM, Sewell PM. One thousand fifty-nine children
with a chief complaint of sexual abuse. Child Abuse Negl.1988;12:151-162.
Dembo R, Dertke M, La Voie L, Borders S, Washburn M, Schmeidler J. Physical abuse, sexual victimization and illicit drug
use: a structural analysis among high risk adolescents. J
Dembo R, Williams L, Berry E.
et al. The relationship
between physical and sexual abuse and illicit drug use: a replication
among a new sample of youths entering a juvenile detention center. Int J Addict.1988;23:1101-1123.
Dembo R, Dertke M, Borders S, Washburn M, Schmeidler J. The relationship between physical and sexual abuse and tobacco,
alcohol, and illicit drug use among youths in a juvenile detention
center. Int J Addict.1988;23:351-378.
Dembo R, Williams L, La Voie L.
et al. Physical abuse, sexual victimization and illicit drug use: replication of a structural
analysis among a new sample of high-risk youths. Violence Vict.1989;4:121-138.
Dembo R, Williams L, La Voie L.
et al. A longitudinal
study of the relationships among alcohol use, marijuana/hashish use,
cocaine use, and emotional/psychological functioning problems in a
cohort of high-risk youths. Int J Addict.1990;25:1341-1382.
Desenclos JA, Garrity D, Wroten J. Pediatric gonococcal
infection: Florida, 1984 to 1988. Am J Public Health.1992;82:426-428.
Deykin EY, Buka SL, Zeena TH. Depressive illness among
chemically dependent adolescents. Am J Psychiatry.1992;149:1341-1347.
Deykin EY, Buka SL. Suicidal ideation and attempts
among chemical dependent adolescents. Am J Public Health.1994;84:634-639.
DiTomasso MJ, Routh DK. Recall of abuse in
childhood and three measures of dissociation. Child Abuse Negl.1993;17:477-485.
Doll LS, Joy D, Bartholow BN.
et al. Self-reported
childhood and adolescent sexual abuse among adult homosexual and
bisexual men. Child Abuse Negl.1992;16:855-864.
Dubé R, Hebert M. Sexual abuse of children under
12 years of age: a review of 511 cases. Child Abuse Negl.1988;12:321-330.
Dubowitz H, Black M, Harrington D. The diagnosis of
child sexual abuse. AJDC.1992;146:688-693.
Eckenrode J, Munsch J, Powers J, Doris J. The nature
and substantiation of official sexual abuse reports. Child Abuse
Ellason JW, Ross CA, Sainton K, Mayran LW. Axis I and
II comorbidity and childhood trauma history in chemical dependency. Bull Menninger Clin.1996;60:39-51.
Elliott DM, Briere J. Posttraumatic stress
associated with delayed recall of sexual abuse: a general population
study. J Trauma Stress.1995;8:629-647.
Embree BG, DeWit ML. Family background characteristics
and relationship satisfaction in a Native community in Canada. Soc
Erickson PI, Rapkin AJ. Unwanted sexual experiences
among middle and high school youth. J Adolesc
Faller KC. Criteria for judging the credibility of
children's statements about their sexual abuse. Child
Faller KC. Characteristics of a clinical sample of
sexually abused children: how boy and girl victims differ. Child
Feitel B, Margetson N, Chamas J, Lipman C. Psychosocial
background and behavioral and emotional disorders of homeless and
runaway youth. Hosp Community Psychiatry.1992;43:155-159.
Finkelhor D, Hotaling G, Lewis IA, Smith C. Sexual
abuse in a national survey of adult men and women: prevalence,
characteristics, and risk factors. Child Abuse Negl.1990;14:19-28.
Freund K, Watson R, Dickey R. Does sexual abuse in
childhood cause pedophilia: an exploratory study. Arch Sex
Friedrich WN, Beilke RL, Urquiza AJ. Behavior
problems in young sexually abused boys: a comparison study. J
Friedrich WN, Luecke WJ, Beilke FL, Place V. Psychotherapy outcome of sexually abused boys: an agency study. J Interpersonal Violence.1992;7:396-409.
Friedrich WN, Schafer LC. Somatic symptoms in sexually
abused children. J Pediatr Psychol.1995;20:661-670.
Fromuth ME, Burkhart BR. Childhood sexual victimization among college men: definitional and methodological
issues. Violence Vict.1987;2:241-253.
Fromuth ME, Burkhart BR. Long-term psychological
correlates of childhood sexual abuse in two samples of college men. Child Abuse Negl.1989;13:533-542.
Fromuth ME, Burkhart BR, Jones CW. Hidden child
molestation: an investigation of adolescent perpetrators in a
nonclinical sample. J Interpersonal Violence.1991;6:376-384.
Futterman D, Hein K, Reuben N, Dell R, Shaffer N. Human
immunodeficiency virus-infected adolescents: the first 50 patients in a
New York City program. Pediatrics.1993;91:730-735.
Gellert GA, Durfee MJ, Berkowitz CD, Higgins KV, Tubiolo VC. Situational and sociodemographic characteristics of
children infected with human immunodeficiency virus from pediatric
sexual abuse. Pediatrics.1993;91:39-44.
Gibby-Smith BM. Correlations of grade point averages at
a rural college with reports of abuse in rural families. Psychol
Golding JM, Cooper ML, George LK. Sexual
assault history and health perceptions: seven general population
studies. Health Psychol.1997;16:417-425.
Gordon M. Males and females as victims of childhood
sexual abuse: an examination of the gender effect. J Fam
Gould DA, Stevens NG, Ward NG, Carlin AS, Sowell HE, Gustafson B. Self-reported childhood abuse in an adult population in a
primary care setting: prevalence, correlates, and associated suicide
attempts. Arch Fam Med.1994;3:252-256.
Greenberg DM, Bradford JM, Curry S. A comparison of
sexual victimization in the childhoods of pedophiles and hebephiles. J Forensic Sci.1993;38:432-436.
Harrison PA, Edwall GE, Hoffman NG, Worthen MD. Correlates of sexual abuse among boys in treatment for chemical
dependency. J Adolesc Chem Dependency.1990;1:53-67.
Harrison PA, Fulkerson JA, Beebe TJ. Multiple substance
use among adolescent physical and sexual abuse victims. Child
Hartman CR, Burgess AW, McCormack A. Pathways and
cycles of runaways: a model for understanding repetitive runaway
behavior. Hosp Community Psychiatry.1987;38:292-299.
Haskett ME, Nowlan NP, Hutcheson JS, Whitworth JM. Factors associated with successful entry into therapy in child sexual
abuse cases. Child Abuse Negl.1991;15:467-476.
Haugaard JJ, Emery RE. Methodological issues in child
sexual abuse research. Child Abuse Negl.1989;13:89-100.
Hernandez JT, Lodico M, DiClemente RJ. The effects of
child abuse and race on risk-taking in male adolescents. J Natl
Hibbard RA, Brack CJ, Rauch S, Orr DP. Abuse, feelings,
and health behaviors in a student population. AJDC.1988;142:326-330.
Hibbard RA, Ingersoll GM, Orr DP. Behavioral risk,
emotional risk, and child abuse among adolescents in a nonclinical
Hibbard RA, Hartman GL. Behavioral problems in alleged
sexual abuse victims. Child Abuse Negl.1992;16:755-762.
Holmes WC. Association between a history of childhood
sexual abuse and subsequent, adolescent psychoactive substance use
disorder in a sample of HIV seropositive men. J Adolesc
Hunter JA. A comparison of the psychosocial
maladjustment of adult males and females sexually molested as children. J Interpersonal Violence.1991;6:205-217.
Hunter JA, Goodwin DW, Wilson RJ. Attributions of
blame in child sexual abuse victims: an analysis of age and
gender influences. J Child Sex Abuse.1992;1:75-89.
Hussey DL, Strom G, Singer M. Male victims of
sexual abuse: an analysis of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. Child Adolesc Soc Work J.1992;9:491-503.
Huston RL, Parra JM, Prihoda TJ, Foulds DM. Characteristics of childhood sexual abuse in a predominantly
Mexican-American population. Child Abuse Negl.1995;19:165-176.
Hutchings PS, Dutton MA. Sexual assault
history in a community mental health center clinical population. Community Ment Health J.1993;29:59-63.
Jackson H, Nuttall R. Clinician responses to sexual
abuse allegations. Child Abuse Negl.1993;17:127-143.
Jacobson A, Herald C. The relevance of childhood
sexual abuse to adult psychiatric inpatient care. Hosp Community
Janikowski TP, Bordieri JE, Glover NM. Client
perceptions of incest and substance abuse. Addict Behav.1997;22:447-459.
Janus M, Burgess AW, McCormack A. Histories of sexual
abuse in adolescent male runaways. Adolescence.1987;22:405-417.
Jenny C, Roesler TA, Poyer KL. Are children at risk for
sexual abuse by homosexuals? Pediatrics.1994;94:41-44.
Johnson RL, Shrier DK. Sexual victimization of boys:
experience at an adolescent medicine clinic. J Adolesc
Johnson RL, Shrier D. Past sexual victimization by
females of male patients in an adolescent medicine clinic population. Am J Psychiatry.1987;144:650-652.
Johnson TC. Child perpetrators—children who molest
other children: preliminary findings. Child Abuse Negl.1988;12:219-229.
Kaplan MS, Becker JV, Tenke CE. Influence of abuse
history on male adolescent self-reported comfort with interviewer
gender. J Interpersonal Violence.1991;6:3-11.
Kellogg ND, Hoffman TJ. Unwanted and illegal sexual
experiences in childhood and adolescence. Child Abuse Negl.1995;19:1457-1468.
Kendall-Tackett KA, Simon AF. A comparison of the abuse
experiences of male and female adults molested as children. J Fam
Koegel P, Melamid E, Burnamm A. Childhood risk factors
for homelessness among homeless adults. Am J Public Health.1995;85:1642-1649.
Kohan MJ, Pothier P, Norbeck JS. Hospitalized children
with history of sexual abuse: incidence and care issues. Am J
Langevin R, Wright P, Handy L. Characteristics of sex
offenders who were sexually victimized as children. Ann Sex
Lanktree C, Briere J, Zaidi L. Incidence and impact of
sexual abuse in a child outpatient sample: the role of direct inquiry. Child Abuse Negl.1991;15:447-453.
Lenderking WR, Wold C, Mayer KH, Goldstein R, Losina E, Seage GR. Childhood sexual abuse among homosexual men: prevalence and
association with unsafe sex. J Gen Intern Med.1997;12:250-253.
Livingston R, Lawson L, Jones JJ. Predictors of
self-reported psychopathology in children abused repeatedly by a
parent. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.1993;32:948-953.
Lodico MA, Gruber E, DiClemente RJ. Childhood sexual
abuse and coercive sex among school-based adolescents in a midwestern
state. J Adolesc Health.1996;18:211-217.
Longstreth GF, Wolde-Tsadik G. Irritable
bowel-type symptoms in HMO examinees: prevalence, demographics, and
clinical correlates. Dig Dis Sci.1993;38:1581-1589.
MacMillan HL, Fleming JE, Trocme N.
et al. Prevalence
of child physical and sexual abuse in the community: results from the
Ontario Health Supplement. JAMA.1997;278:131-135.
Marshall Jr WN, Puls T, Davidson C. New child abuse
spectrum in an era of increased awareness. AJDC.1988;142:664-667.
McClellan J, Adams J, Douglas D, McCurry C, Storck M. Clinical characteristics related to severity of sexual abuse: a study
of seriously mentally ill youth. Child Abuse Negl.1995;19:1245-1254.
McClellan J, McCurry C, Ronnei M.
et al. Relationship
between sexual abuse, gender, and sexually inappropriate behaviors in
seriously mentally ill youths. J Am Acad Child Adolesc
McCormack A, Janus M, Burgess AW. Runaway youths and
sexual victimization: gender differences in an adolescent runaway
population. Child Abuse Negl.1986;10:387-395.
McCormack A, Rokous FE, Hazelwood RR, Burgess AW. An
exploration of incest in the childhood development of serial rapists. J Fam Violence.1992;7:219-228.
McKelvey RS, Webb JA. A pilot study of abuse among
Vietnamese Amerasians. Child Abuse Negl.1995;19:545-553.
Melchert TP, Parker RL. Different forms of childhood
abuse and memory. Child Abuse Negl.1997;21:125-135.
Mian M, Wehrspann W, Klajner-Diamond H, LeBaron D, Winder C. Review of 125 children 6 years of age and under who were
sexually abused. Child Abuse Negl.1986;10:223-229.
Moisan PA, Sanders-Phillips K, Moisan PM. Ethnic
differences in circumstances of abuse and symptoms of depression and
anger among sexually abused black and Latino boys. Child Abuse
Moore KA, Nord CW, Peterson JL. Nonvoluntary sexual
activity among adolescents. Fam Plann Perspect.1989;21:110-114.
Morris PA, Bihan SM. The prevalence of
children with a history of sexual abuse hospitalized
in the psychiatric setting. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Ment Health
Muram D, Dorko B, Brown JG, Tolley EA. Child sexual
abuse in Shelby County, Tennessee: a new epidemic? Child Abuse
Nagy S, Adcock AG, Nagy MC. A comparison of risky
health behaviors of sexually active, sexually abused, and abstaining
Neisen JH, Sandall H. Alcohol and other drug abuse in
a gay/lesbian population: related to victimization? J Psychol Hum
Nelson DE, Higginson GK, Grant-Worley JA. Using the
youth risk behavior survey to estimate prevalence of sexual abuse among
Oregon high school students. J Sch Health.1994;64:413-416.
Nuttall R, Jackson H. Personal history of childhood
abuse among clinicians. Child Abuse Negl.1994;18:455-472.
Okami P. Self-reports of "positive"
childhood and adolescent sexual contacts with older persons: an
exploratory study. Arch Sex Behav.1991;20:437-457.
Olivardia R, Pope Jr HG, Mangweth B, Hudson JI. Eating
disorders in college men. Am J Psychiatry.1995;152:1279-1285.
Paris J, Zweig-Frank H, Guzder J. Risk factors for
borderline personality in male outpatients. J Nerv Ment
Pierce R, Pierce LH. The sexually abused child: a
comparison of male and female victims. Child Abuse Negl.1985;9:191-199.
Powers JL, Eckenrode J. The maltreatment of
adolescents. Child Abuse Negl.1988;12:189-199.
Priest R. Child sexual abuse histories among
African-American college students: a preliminary study. Am J
Raiha NK, Soma DJ. Victims of child abuse and neglect
in the US Army. Child Abuse Negl.1997;21:759-768.
Reinhart MA. Sexually abused boys. Child Abuse
Reinhart MA. Urinary tract infection in sexually
abused children. Clin Pediatr (Phila).1987;26:470-472.
Remafedi G, Farrow JA, Deisher RW. Risk factors for
attempted suicide in gay and bisexual youth. Pediatrics.1991;87:869-875.
Resnick MD, Blum RW. The association of consensual
sexual intercourse during childhood with adolescent health risk and
Rew L, Esparza D, Sands D. A comparative study among
college students of sexual abuse in childhood. Arch Psychiatr
Rhynard J, Krebs M, Glover J. Sexual assault in dating
relationships. J Sch Health.1997;67:89-93.
Richardson MF, Meredith W, Abbot DA. Sex-typed role in
male adolescent sexual abuse survivors. J Fam Violence.1993;8:89-100.
Risin LI, Koss MP. The sexual abuse of boys:
prevalence and descriptive characteristics of childhood victimizations. J Interpersonal Violence.1987;2:309-323.
Roane TH. Male victims of sexual abuse: a case review
within a child protective team. Child Welfare.1992;71:231-239.
Robin RW, Chester B, Rasmussen JK, Jaranson JM, Goldman D. Prevalence, characteristics, and impact of childhood sexual
abuse in a Southwestern American Indian tribe. Child Abuse
Robin RW, Chester B, Rasmussen JK, Jaranson JM, Goldman D. Factors influencing utilization of mental health and
substance abuse services by American Indian men and women. Psychiatr Serv.1997;48:826-832.
Roesler TA, McKenzie N. Effects of childhood trauma on
psychological functioning in adults sexually abused as children. J
Nerv Ment Dis.1994;182:145-150.
Rohsenow DJ, Corbett R, Devine D. Molested as
children: a hidden contribution to substance abuse? J Subst Abuse
Rose SM, Peabody CG, Stratigeas B. Undetected
abuse among intensive case management clients. Hosp Community
Rose SM. Acknowledging abuse backgrounds of intensive
case management clients. Community Ment Health J.1991;27:255-263.
Rosen LN, Martin L. The measurement of childhood
trauma among male and female soldiers in the US Army. Mil Med.1996;161:342-345.
Rosenthal JA. Patterns of reported child abuse
and neglect. Child Abuse Negl.1988;12:263-271.
Rosenthal JA, Motz JK, Edmonson DA, Groze V. A
descriptive study of abuse and neglect in out-of-home-placement. Child Abuse Negl.1991;15:249-260.
Rossetti SJ. The impact of child sexual abuse on
attitudes toward God and the Catholic Church. Child Abuse
Rubinstein M, Yeager CA, Goodstein C, Lewis DO. Sexually assaultive male juveniles: a follow-up. Am J
Ryan G, Miyoshi TJ, Metzner JL, Krugman RD, Fryer GE. Trends in a national sample of sexually abusive youths. J Am Acad
Child Adolesc Psychiatry.1996;35:17-25.
Sabotta EE, Davis RL. Fatality after report to a child
abuse registry in Washington State, 1973-1986. Child Abuse
Sansonnet-Hayden H, Haley G, Marriage K, Fine S. Sexual abuse and psychopathology in hospitalized adolescents. J Am
Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.1987;26:753-757.
Sarwer DB, Crawford I, Durlak JA. The relationship
between childhood sexual abuse and adult male sexual dysfunction. Child Abuse Negl.1997;21:649-655.
Schulte JG, Dinwiddie SH, Pribor EF, Yutzy SH. Psychiatric diagnoses of adult male victims of childhood sexual abuse. J Nerv Ment Dis.1995;183:111-113.
Sher KJ, Gershuny BS, Peterson L, Raskin G. The role
of childhood stressors in the intergenerational transmission of alcohol
use disorders. J Stud Alcohol.1997;58:414-427.
Shrier D, Johnson RL. Sexual victimization of boys: an
ongoing study of an adolescent medicine clinic population. J Natl
Siegel JM, Sorenson SB, Golding JM, Burnam MA, Stein JA. The prevalence of childhood sexual assault: the Los Angeles
Epidemiologic Catchment Area Project. Am J Epidemiol.1987;126:1141-1153.
Simpson TL, Westerberg VS, Little LM, Trujillo M. Screening for childhood physical and sexual abuse among outpatient
substance abusers. J Subst Abuse Treat.1994;11:347-358.
Sobsey D, Randall W, Parrila RK. Gender differences in
abused children with and without disabilities. Child Abuse
Spencer MJ, Dunklee P. Sexual abuse of boys. Pediatrics.1986;78:133-138.
Stein MB, Walker JR, Anderson G.
et al. Childhood physical and sexual abuse in patients with anxiety disorders and in a
community sample. Am J Psychiatry.1996;153:275-277.
Stevenson MR, Gajarsky WM. Unwanted childhood sexual
experiences relate to later revictimization and male perpetration. J Psychol Hum Sex.1991;4:57-70.
Sullivan PM, Brookhouser PE, Scanlan JM, Knutson JF, Schulte LE. Patterns of physical and sexual abuse of communicatively
handicapped children. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol.1991;100:188-194.
Swett Jr C, Surrey J, Cohen C. Sexual and physical
abuse histories and psychiatric symptoms among male psychiatric
outpatients. Am J Psychiatry.1990;147:632-636.
Tingus KD, Heger AH, Foy DW, Leskin GA. Factors
associated with entry into therapy in children evaluated for sexual
abuse. Child Abuse Negl.1996;20:63-68.
Tjaden PG, Thoennes N. Predictors of legal
intervention in child maltreatment cases. Child Abuse Negl.1992;16:807-821.
Vermund SH, Alexander-Rodriquez T, MacLeod S, Kelley KF. History of sexual abuse in incarcerated adolescents with
gonorrhea or syphilis. J Adolesc Health Care.1990;11:449-452.
Violato C, Genuis M. Factors which differentiate
sexually abused from nonabused males: an exploratory study. Psychol Rep.1993;72:767-770.
Wallen J. A comparison of male and female clients in
substance abuse treatment. J Subst Abuse Treat.1992;9:243-248.
Weber FT, Gearing J, Davis A, Conlon M. Prepubertal
initiation of sexual experiences and older first partner predict
promiscuous sexual behavior of delinquent adolescent males:
unrecognized child abuse? J Adolesc Health.1992;13:600-605.
Weine SM, Becker DF, Levy KN, Edell WS, McGlashan TH. Childhood trauma histories in adolescent inpatients. J Trauma
Wellman MM. Child sexual abuse and gender differences:
attitudes and prevalence. Child Abuse Negl.1993;17:539-547.
Whiffen VE, Clark SE. Does victimization account for
sex differences in depressive symptoms? Br J Clin Psychol.1997;36:185-193.
Windle M, Windle RC, Scheidt DM, Miller GB. Physical
and sexual abuse and associated mental disorders among alcoholic
inpatients. Am J Psychiatry.1995;152:1322-1328.
Wolfe DA, Sas L, Wekerle C. Factors associated with
the development of posttraumatic stress disorder among child victims of
sexual abuse. Child Abuse Negl.1994;18:37-50.
Worling JR. Sexual abuse histories of adolescent male
sex offenders: differences on the basis of the age and gender of their
victims. J Abnorm Psychol.1995;104:610-613.
Worling JR. Adolescent sibling-incest offenders:
differences in family and individual functioning when compared to
adolescent nonsibling sex offenders. Child Abuse Negl.1995;19:633-643.
Wurtele SK, Kaplan GM, Keairnes M. Childhood sexual
abuse among chronic pain patients. Clin J Pain.1990;6:110-113.
Young EA, Abelson JL, Curtis GC, Nesse RM. Childhood
adversity and vulnerability to mood and anxiety disorders. Depress
Zierler S, Feingold L, Laufer D, Velentgas P, Kantrowitz-Gordon I, Mayer K. Adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse
and subsequent risk of HIV infection. Am J Public Health.1991;81:572-575.
Kleinbaum DG, Kupper LL, Morgenstern H. Not Available Epidemiologic Research: Principles and Quantitative
Methods. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co; 1982.
Kelsey JL, Thompson WD, Evans AS. Methods in
Observational Epidemiology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press
Dickersin K, Berlin JA. Meta-analysis:
state-of-the-science. Epidemiol Rev.1992;14:154-176.
McCann J, Voris J, Simon M, Wells R. Perianal findings
in prepubertal children selected for nonabuse: a descriptive study. Child Abuse Negl.1989;13:179-193.
Clayden GS. Reflex anal dilatation associated with
severe chronic constipation in children. Arch Dis Child.1988;63:832-836.