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Special Communication |

FluNet as a Tool for Global Monitoring of Influenza on the Web

Antoine Flahault, MD, PhD; Valentina Dias-Ferrao, PhD; Philippe Chaberty, BSc; Karin Esteves, PhD; Alain-Jacques Valleron, DrSc; Daniel Lavanchy, MD
JAMA. 1998;280(15):1330-1332. doi:10.1001/jama.280.15.1330.
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In collaboration with the Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, the World Health Organization (WHO) has developed an Internet application linking the global WHO network of influenza centers (FluNet; http://oms.b3e.jussieu.fr/flunet/). During 1997, 22 pilot centers entered data on influenza activity and viral laboratory results directly into FluNet via secured access. In addition, 54 centers sent data to WHO for entry. Four countries (the Russian Federation, Romania, Sweden, and the United Kingdom) reported widespread outbreaks of at least 4 weeks' duration. The FluNet server ran 24 hours a day without interruption. To improve management and enhance standardization of reporting, this early-alert system for the global monitoring of influenza provides international and national authorities, the public, and the media with full access to real-time epidemiological and virological information.

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Figure 1.—Graph produced "on the fly" when the FluNet end user requests total specimens and viral isolates positive for influenza virus A (not subtyped), A (H3N2), A (H1N1), and B within the network of 110 national influenza centers and 4 collaborating centers January 1997 through December 1997 centers.
Graphic Jump Location
Figure 2.—Maps obtained "on the fly" when the FluNet end user requests from the Web interface (A) geographical distribution of the epidemiological status of influenza activity in North America (B), Europe (C), Asia (D), Africa (F), and Eastern Mediterranean (G) in January 1997 and South America (E) and Oceania (H) in August 1997.
Graphic Jump Location
Figure 3.—Tables obtained "on the fly" when the FluNet end user requests from the Web interface a line listing containing a subset of entered data concerning a specific country (Chile) for a given period (July 1997).

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