Lindberg D, Siegel E, Rapp B, Wallingford K, Wilson S. Use of MEDLINE by physicians for clinical problem solving. JAMA.1993;269:3124-3129.
Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group. Evidence-based medicine: a new approach to teaching the practice of
Sackett D, Richardson W, Rosenberg W, Haynes R. Evidence-Based Medicine: How to Practice and Teach EBM . New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone; 1997.
Fletcher R, Fletcher S. What is the future of internal medicine? Ann Intern Med.1993;119:1144-1145.
Lancaster F, Warner A. Information Retrieval Today . Arlington, Va: Information Resources Press; 1993.
Fidel R, Soergel D. Factors affecting online bibliographic retrieval: a conceptual framework
for research. J Am Soc Inf Sci.1983;34:163-180.
Horowitz GL, Jackson JD, Bleich HL. PaperChase: self-service bibliographic retrieval. JAMA.1983;250:2494-2499.
Collen M, Flagle C. Full-text medical literature retrieval by computer: a pilot test. JAMA.1985;254:2768-2774.
Markert R, Parisi A, Barnes H.
et al. Medical student, resident, and faculty use of a computerized literature
searching system. Bull Med Libr Assoc.1989;77:133-137.
Haynes R, McKibbon K, Walker C, Ryan N, Fitzgerald D, Ramsden M. Online access to MEDLINE in clinical settings. Ann Intern Med.1990;112:78-84.
Abate M, Shumway J, Jacknowitz A. Use of two online services as drug information sources for health professionals. Methods Inf Med.1992;31:153-158.
Hersh W, Hickam D. The use of a multi-application computer workstation in a clinical setting. Bull Med Libr Assoc.1994;82:382-389.
Marshall J. The continuation of end-user on line searching by health professionals:
preliminary survey results. In: Proceedings of the Medical Library Association Annual Meeting;
May 18-24, 1990; Detroit, Mich.
Haynes R, Ramsden M, McKibbon K, Walker C. Online access to MEDLINE in clinical settings: impact of user fees. Bull Med Libr Assoc.1991;79:377-381.
Wildemuth B, deBliek R, Friedman C, File D. Medical students' personal knowledge, searching proficiency, and database
use in problem solving. J Am Soc Inf Sci.1995;46:590-607.
Hersh W, Pentecost J, Hickam D. A task-oriented approach to information retrieval evaluation. J Am Soc Inf Sci.1996;47:50-56.
Haynes R, McKibbon K, Walker C.
et al. Computer searching of the medical literature: an evaluation of MEDLINE
searching systems. Ann Intern Med.1985;103:812-816.
Haynes R, Walker C, McKibbon K, Johnston M, William A. Performance of 27 MEDLINE systems tested by searches with clinical
questions. J Am Med Inform Assoc.1994;1:285-295.
Haynes RB, Johnston ME, McKibbon KA, Walker CJ, William AR. A program to enhance clinical use of MEDLINE: a randomized controlled
trial. Online J Curr Clin Trials [serial online].May 11, 1993;doc 56.
McKinin E, Sievert M, Johnson E, Mitchell J. The MEDLINE full-text research project. J Am Soc Inf Sci.1991;42:297-307.
Hersh W, Hickam D. An evaluation of interactive Boolean and natural language searching
with an on-line medical textbook. J Am Soc Inf Sci.1995;46:478-489.
Hersh W. Relevance and retrieval evaluation: perspectives from medicine. J Am Soc Inf Sci.1994;45:201-206.
Kirby M, Miller N. MEDLINE searching on Colleague: reasons for failure or success of untrained
users. Med Ref Serv Q.1986;5:17-34.
Kingsland L, Harbourt A, Syed E, Schuyler P. COACH: applying UMLS knowledge sources in an expert searcher environment. Bull Med Libr Assoc.1993;81:178-183.
Walker C, McKibbon K, Haynes R, Ramsden M. Problems encountered by clinical end users of MEDLINE and Grateful
Med. Bull Med Libr Assoc.1991;79:67-69.
Veenstra R. Clinical medical librarian impact on patient care: a one-year analysis. Bull Med Libr Assoc.1992;80:19-22.
Poisson E. End-user searching in medicine. Bull Med Libr Assoc.1986;74:293-299.
Ludwig L, Mixter J, Emanuelle M. User attitudes toward end-user literature searching. Bull Med Libr Assoc.1988;76:7-13.
Wallingford K, Humphreys B, Selinger N, Siegel E. Bibliographic retrieval: a survey of individual users of MEDLINE. MD Comput.1990;7:166-171.
Covell D, Uman G, Manning P. Information needs in office practice: are they being met? Ann Intern Med.1985;103:596-599.
Gorman P, Helfand M. Information seeking in primary care: how physicians choose which clinical
questions to pursue and which to leave unanswered. Med Decis Making.1995;15:113-119.
Gorman P, Ash J, Wykoff L. Can primary care physicians' questions be answered using the medical
literature? Bull Med Libr Assoc.1994;82:140-146.
Hersh W. Information Retrieval: A Health Care Perspective . New York, NY: Springer-Verlag; 1996.
Johnson M, Langton K, Haynes R, Mathieu A. Effects of computer-based clinical decision support systems on clinician
performance and patient outcome. Ann Intern Med.1994;120:135-142.
Curley S, Connelly D, Rich E. Physicians' use of medical knowledge resources: preliminary theoretical
framework and findings. Med Decis Making.1990;10:231-241.