Study concept and design: Roumie, Greevy, Grijalva, Hung, Elasy, Griffin.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Roumie, Greevy, Grijalva, Hung, Liu, Murff, Griffin.
Drafting of the manuscript: Roumie, Greevy.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Greevy, Liu.
Obtained funding: Roumie, Greevy, Griffin.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Murff, Elasy.
Study supervision: Greevy, Grijalva, Griffin.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: This project was funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, US Department of Health and Human Services, contract HHSA2902010000161, as part of the Developing Evidence to Inform Decisions About Effectiveness (DEcIDE 2) program. This work was supported in part by VA Clinical Science Research and Development investigator-initiated grant I01CX000570-01 (Dr Roumie) and the Center for Diabetes Translation Research P30DK092986 (Drs Roumie and Elasy). Dr Hung (2-031-09S) was supported by a VA Career Development Award. Support for Veterans Affairs/Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services data was provided by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Service, Veterans Affairs Information Resource Center (project numbers SDR 02-237 and 98-004).
Role of the Sponsors: The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data; in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; or in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The authors of this report are responsible for its content. Statements in the report should not be construed as endorsement by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the US Department of Health and Human Services, or the Department of Veterans Affairs.