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Research Letter |

Use and Out-of-Pocket Costs of Insulin for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus From 2000 Through 2010

Kasia J. Lipska, MD, MHS1; Joseph S. Ross, MD, MHS1; Holly K. Van Houten, BA4; David Beran, MSc, PhD2; John S. Yudkin, MD, FRCP3; Nilay D. Shah, PhD4
[+] Author Affiliations
1Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut
2Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
3University College London, London, England
4Division of Health Care Policy and Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
JAMA. 2014;311(22):2331-2333. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.6316.
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Insulin analogs are molecularly altered forms of insulin. Compared with human synthetic and animal insulin for treatment of type 2 diabetes, short-acting analogs may offer flexible dosing and convenience, long-acting analogs less nocturnal hypoglycemia,1 but both at greater cost.2 Because insulin analogs have become increasingly popular,3,4 we examined trends in insulin use, out-of-pocket expenditures, and severe hypoglycemic events among privately insured US adults with type 2 diabetes from 2000 through 2010.

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Insulin Use and Median Out-of-Pocket Expenditures on Insulin Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes From 2000 Through 2010

In the panel on the right, error bars indicate interquartile ranges.

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