First, in submitting manuscripts for publication, authors do not implicitly
consent to have their work used for research. Yet, obtaining consent could
be logistically difficult and slow down the review process. In a written survey
of JAMA editors, with the inclusion of their names optional, 8 editors indicated
that authors should actively consent, 3 indicated that authors might be assumed
to consent unless they actively refused, and 1 supported either approach.
(We surveyed editors of JAMA only, since that was the study's site.)