Grant BF, Harford TC, Dawson DA, Chou P, Dufour M, Pickering R. Prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence,
United States, 1992. Alcohol Health Res World.1994;18:243-248.
Buchsbaum DG, Buchanan RG, Centor RM, Schnoll SH, Lawton MJ. Screening for alcohol abuse using CAGE scores and likelihood ratios. Ann Intern Med.1991;115:774-777.
Fleming MF, Barry KL. A three-sample test of a masked alcohol screening questionnaire. Alcohol Alcohol.1991;26:81-91.
Weisner C, Schmidt L. Gender disparities in treatment for alcohol problems. JAMA.1992;268:1872-1876.
Halliday A, Bush B, Cleary P, Aronson M, Delbanco T. Alcohol abuse in women seeking gynecologic care. Obstet Gynecol.1986;68:322-326.
Tobin MB, Schmidt PJ, Rubinow DR. Reported alcohol use in women with premenstrual syndrome. Am J Psychiatry.1994;151:1503-1504.
Grodstein F, Goldman MB, Cramer DW. Infertility in women and moderate alcohol use. Am J Public Health.1994;84:1429-1432.
Walker E, Katon W, Harrop-Griffiths J, Holm L, Russo J, Hickok LR. Relationship of chronic pelvic pain to psychiatric diagnoses and childhood
sexual abuse. Am J Psychiatry.1988;145:75-80.
Perper MM, Breitkopf LJ, Breitstein R, Cody RP, Manowitz P. MAST scores, alcohol consumption, and gynecological symptoms in endometriosis
patients. Alcohol Clin Exp Res.1993;17:272-278.
Cherpitel CJ, Clark WB. Ethnic differences in performance of screening instruments for identifying
harmful drinking and alcohol dependence in the emergency room. Alcohol Clin Exp Res.1995;19:628-634.
Buchsbaum DG, Buchanan RG, Poses RM, Schnoll SH, Lawton MJ. Physician detection of drinking problems in patients attending a general
medicine practice. J Gen Intern Med.1992;7:517-521.
Buchsbaum DG, Buchanan RG, Lawton MJ, Elswick Jr RK, Schnoll SH. A program of screening and prompting improves short-term physician
counseling of dependent and nondependent harmful drinkers. Arch Intern Med.1993;153:1573-1577.
Holman CDJ, English DR, Milne E, Winter MG. Meta-analysis of alcohol and all-cause mortality: a validation of NHMRC
recommendations. Med J Aust.1996;164:141-145.
Becker U, Deis A, Sorenson TIA.
et al. Prediction of risk of liver disease by alcohol intake, sex and age:
a prospective population study. Hepatology.1996;23:1025-1029.
Smith-Warner SA, Spiegelman D, Yaun S.
et al. Alcohol and breast cancer in women. JAMA.1998;279:535-540.
Fleming MF, Barry KL, Manwell LB, Johnson K, London R. Brief physician advice for problem alcohol drinkers. JAMA.1997;277:1039-1045.
Wallace P, Cutler S, Haines A. Randomised controlled trial of general practitioner intervention in
patients with excessive alcohol consumption. BMJ.1988;297(6649):663-668.
Yersin B, Nicolet J-F, Decrey H, Burnier M, van Melle G, Pécoud A. Screening for excessive alcohol drinking. Arch Intern Med.1995;155:1907-1911.
Hoeksema HL, de Bock GH. The value of laboratory tests for the screening and recognition of
alcohol abuse in primary care patients. J Fam Pract.1993;37:268-276.
Gomberg ESL. Alcoholic women in treatment: the question of stigma and age. Alcohol Alcohol.1988;23:507-514.
Weisner C. The role of alcohol-related problematic events in treatment entry. Drug Alcohol Depend.1990;26:93-102.
Robbins C. Sex differences in psychosocial consequences of alcohol and drug abuse. J Health Soc Behav.1989;30:117-130.
Dawson DA. Consumption indicators of alcohol dependence. Addiction.1994;89:345-350.
Connors GJ. Screening for alcohol problems. In: Allen JP, Columbus M, eds. Assessing Alcohol Problems:
A Guide for Clinicians and Researchers . Bethesda, Md: National Institute
on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism; 1995:17-29. NIH publication 95-3745.
Cyr MG, Wartman SA. The effectiveness of routine screening questions in the detection of
Skinner HA, Holt S, Schuller R, Roy J, Israel Y. Identification of alcohol abuse using laboratory tests and a history
of trauma. Ann Intern Med.1984;101:847-851.
Spitzer RL, Williams JBW, Kroenke K.
et al. Utility of a new procedure for diagnosing mental disorders in primary
Russell M, Martier SS, Sokol RJ.
et al. Screening for pregnancy risk-drinking. Alcohol Clin Exp Res.1994;18:1156-1161.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders . 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1994.
World Health Organization. International Classification of Diseases: Clinical Descriptions
and Diagnostic Guidelines Version . 10th rev ed. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1992.
Robins LN, Helzer JE, Croughan J, Ratcliff KS. National Institute of Mental Health diagnostic interview schedule. Arch Gen Psychiatry.1981;38:381-389.
Wittchen HU. Reliability and validity studies of the WHO Composite International
Diagnostic Interview (CIDI): a critical review. J Psychiatr Res.1994;28:57-84.
Grant BF, Harford TC, Dawson DA, Chou PS, Pickering RP. The alcohol use disorder and associated disabilities interview schedule
(AUDADIS): reliability of alcohol and drug modules in a general population
sample. Drug Alcohol Depend.1995;39:37-44.
Barry KL, Fleming MF. Computerized administration of alcoholism screening tests in a primary
care setting. J Am Board Fam Pract.1990;3:93-98.
Schuckit MA, Hesselbrock V, Tipp J, Anthenelli R, Bucholz K, Radziminski S. A comparison of DSM-III-R, DSM-IV and ICD-10 substance use disorders
diagnoses in 1922 men and women subjects in the COGA study: Collaborative
Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism. Addiction.1994;89:1629-1638.
Russell M, Martier SS, Sokol RJ, Mudar P, Jacobson S, Jacobson J. Detecting risk drinking during pregnancy: a comparison of four screening
questionnaires. Am J Public Health.1996;86:1435-1439.
Adams WL, Barry KL, Fleming MF. Screening for problem drinking in older primary care patients. JAMA.1996;276:1964-1967.
Sox HC. Probability theory in the use of diagnostic tests. Ann Intern Med.1986;104:60-66.
Buchsbaum DG, Buchanan R, Centor R. Interpreting CAGE scores. Ann Intern Med.1992;116:1032-1033.
Sokol RJ, Martier SS, Ager JW. The T-ACE questions: practical prenatal detection of risk-drinking. Am J Obstet Gynecol.1989;160:863-870.
Cherpitel CJ. Screening for alcohol problems in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med.1995;26:158-166.
Cherpitel CJ. Analysis of cut points for screening instruments for alcohol problems
in the emergency room. J Stud Alcohol.1995;56:695-700.
Volk RJ, Steinbauer JR, Cantor SB, Holzer III CE. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) as a screen for
at-risk patients of different racial/ethnic backgrounds. Addiction.1997;92:197-206.
Chan AWK, Pristach EA, Welte JW, Russell M. Use of the TWEAK test in screening for alcoholism/heavy drinking in
three populations. Alcohol Clin Exp Res.1993;17:1188-1192.
Buchsbaum DG, Welsh J, Buchanan RG, Elswick RK. Screening for drinking problems by patient self-report. Arch Intern Med.1995;155:104-108.
Buchsbaum DG, Buchanan RG, Welsh J, Centor RM, Schnoll SH. Screening for drinking disorders in the elderly using the CAGE questionnaire. J Am Geriatr Soc.1992;40:662-665.
Harford TC. The effects of order of questions on reported alcohol consumption. Addiction.1994;89:421-424.
Bradley KA, Korell K, McDonell MB, Malone T, Fihn SD. Screening for problem drinking: comparison of CAGE and AUDIT. J Gen Intern Med.1998;13:379-388.
Morrow-Tlucak M, Ernhart CB, Sokol RJ, Martier S, Ager J. Underreporting of alcohol use in pregnancy: relationship to alcohol
problem history. Alcohol Clin Exp Res.1989;13:399-401.
Wechsler H, Dowdall GW, Davenport A, Rimm EB. A gender-specific measure of binge drinking among college students. Am J Public Health.1995;85:982-985.
Samet JH, Rollnick S, Barnes H. Beyond CAGE: a brief clinical approach after detection of substance
abuse. Arch Intern Med.1996;156:2287-2293.
Dahlgren L, Willander A. Are special treatment facilities for female alcoholics needed? a controlled
2-year follow-up study from a specialized female unit (EWA) versus a mixed
male/female treatment facility. Alcohol Clin Exp Res.1989;13:499-504.
Babor TF, Stephens RS, Marlatt GA. Verbal report methods in clinical research on alcoholism: response
bias and its minimization. J Stud Alcohol.1987;48:410-424.
Buchsbaum DG, Buchanan RG, Lawton MJ, Schnoll SH. Alcohol consumption patterns in a primary care population. Alcohol Alcohol.1991;26:215-220.