Mertens T, Belsey E, Stoneburner RL.
et al. Global estimates and epidemiology of HIV-1 infections and AIDS: further
heterogeneity in spread and impact. AIDS.1995;9(suppl A):S259-S272.
Quinn TC. Global burden of the HIV pandemic. Lancet.1996;348:99-106.
d'Cruz-Grote D. Prevention of HIV infection in developing countries. Lancet.1996;348:1071-1074.
Weniger BG, Limpakarnjanarat K, Ungchusak K.
et al. The epidemiology of HIV infection and AIDS in Thailand. AIDS.1991;5(suppl 2):S71-S85.
Sittitrai W, Brown T. Risk factors for HIV infection in Thailand. AIDS.1994;8(suppl 2):S143-S153.
Mason CJ, Markowitz LE, Kitsiripornchai S.
et al. Declining prevalence of HIV-1 infection in young Thai men. AIDS.1995;9:1061-1065.
Sirisopana N, Torugsa K, Mason CJ.
et al. Correlates of HIV-1 seropositivity among young men in Thailand. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol.1996;11:492-498.
Nelson KE, Celentano DD, Eiumtrakol S.
et al. Changes in sexual behavior and a decline in HIV infection among young
men in Thailand. N Engl J Med.1996;335:297-303.
Mastro TD, Limpakanjanarat K. Condom use in Thailand: how much is it slowing the HIV/AIDS epidemic? AIDS.1995;9:523-525.
Ungchusak K, Tonghong A, Sangwonloy O, Thepsittha K, Rujuvipat V, Jansiriyakorn S. The 13th round of HIV sentinel serosurveillance in Thailand, June 1995. Thai AIDS J.1995;7:177-189.
Thailand Ministry of Public Health. Results of the 14th Round of HIV Serosurveillance . Nonthaburi, Thailand: Dept of Communicable Disease Control, Division
of Epidemiology; December 1996.
Nelson KE, Celentano DD, Suprasert S.
et al. Risk factors for HIV infection among young men in northern Thailand. JAMA.1993;270:955-960.
Nopkesorn T, Mastro TD, Sangkharomya S.
et al. HIV-1 infection in young men in northern Thailand. AIDS.1993;7:1233-1239.
Mastro TD, Satten GA, Nopkesorn T, Sangkharomya S, Longini Jr IM. Probability of female-to-male transmission of HIV-1 in Thailand. Lancet.1994;343:204-207.
Ungchusak K, Rehle T, Thammapornpilap P.
et al. Determinants of HIV infection among female commercial sex workers in
northeastern Thailand: results from a longitudinal study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol.1996;12:500-507.
Sittitrai W, Phanuphak P, Barry J, Brown T. Thai sexual behavior and risk of HIV infection. In: A Report of the 1990 Survey of Partner Relations and Risk
of HIV Infection in Thailand . Bangkok, Thailand: Program on AIDS, Thai
Red Cross Society and Institute of Population Studies, Chulalongkorn University;
November 1992:33-49, 76-84.
Shaffer N, Bhiraleus P, Chinayon P.
et al. High viral load predicts perinatal HIV-1 subtype E transmission, Bangkok,
Thailand. In: Program and abstracts of the XI International Conference on AIDS;
July 7-12, 1996; Vancouver, British Columbia. Abstract Tu.C.343.
Ungchusak K.Thailand Ministry of Public Health. Behavioral sentinel surveillance in Thailand: results from 2nd round,
1996. Wkly Epidemiol Surveillance Rep.1997;28:225-230, 237-243.
Allen S, Lindan C, Serufilira A.
et al. Human immunodeficiency virus infection in urban Rwanda. JAMA.1991;266:1657-1663.
Ellerbrock TV, Lieb S, Harrington PE.
et al. Heterosexually transmitted human immunodeficiency virus infection among
pregnant women in a rural Florida community. N Engl J Med.1992;327:1704-1709.
Mastro TD, de Vincenzi I. Probabilities of sexual HIV-1 transmission. AIDS.1996;10(suppl A):S75-S82.
Johnson AM, Petherick A, Davidson SJ.
et al. Transmission of HIV to heterosexual partners of infected men and women. AIDS.1989;3:367-372.
Padian NS, Shiboshi SC, Jewell NP. Female-to-male transmission of human immunodeficiency virus. JAMA.1991;266:1664-1667.
European Study Group on Heterosexual Transmission of HIV. Comparison of female to male and male to female transmission of HIV
in 563 stable couples. BMJ.1992;304:809-813.
Nicolosi A, Leite MLC, Musicco M.
et al. The efficiency of male-to-female and female-to-male sexual transmission
of the human immunodeficiency virus: a study of 730 stable couples. Epidemiology.1994;5:570-575.
Manopaiboon C, Shaffer N, Clark L.
et al. Impact of HIV on families of HIV-infected women who have recently given
birth, Bangkok, Thailand. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol.1998;18:54-63.
Lester P, Partridge JC, Chesney MA, Cooke M. The consequences of a positive prenatal HIV antibody test for women. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol.1995;10:341-349.
Rojanapithayakorn W, Hanenberg R. The 100% condom program in Thailand. AIDS.1996;10:1-7.