Marzuk PM, Tardiff K, Leon AC.
et al. Fatal injuries after cocaine use as a leading cause of death among
young adults in New York City. N Engl J Med.1995;332:1753-1757.
Office of Applied Studies. Annual Medical Examiner Data, 1994: Data From the Drug Abuse
Warning Network. Rockville, Md: US Dept of Health and Human Services, Public Health
Service; 1996. SMA publication 96-3078.
Office of Applied Studies. Annual Emergency Room Data, 1992: Data From the Drug Abuse Warning
Network. Rockville, Md: US Dept of Health and Human Services, Public Health
Service, 1994. Series 1:12-A.
Callaway CW, Clark RF. Hyperthermia in psychostimulant overdose. Ann Emerg Med.1994;24:68-76.
Wetli CV, Fishbain DA. Cocaine-induced psychosis and sudden death in recreational cocaine
users. J Forensic Sci.1985;30:873-880.
Roberts JR, Quattrochi E, Howland MA. Severe hyperthermia secondary to intravenous drug abuse. Am J Emerg Med.1984;2:373.
Cregler LL, Mark H. Medical complications of cocaine abuse. N Engl J Med.1986;315:1495-1500.
Gawin FH, Ellinwood EH. Cocaine and other stimulants, actions, abuse, and treatment. N Engl J Med.1988;318:1173-1182.
Isner JM, Estes III NAM, Thompson PD.
et al. Acute cardiac events temporally related to cocaine abuse. N Engl J Med.1986;315:1438-1443.
Ellis FP. Mortality from heat illness and heat-aggravated illness in the United
States. Environ Res.1972;5:1-58.
Semanza JC, Rubin CH, Falter KH.
et al. Heat-related deaths during the July 1995 heat wave in Chicago. N Engl J Med.1996;335:84-90.
Anders C, Jachimczyk JA, Green R.
et al. Heat-related illnesses and deaths: United States, 1994-1995. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep.1995;44:465-468.
Applegate WB, Runyan JW, Brasfield L, Williams ML, Konigsberg C, Fouche C. Analysis of the 1980 heat wave in Memphis. J Am Geriatr Soc.1981;29:337-342.
Marzuk PM, Tardiff K, Leon AC.
et al. Poverty and fatal accidental drug overdoses in New York City: an ecological
study. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse.1997;23:221-228.
Kalkstein LS. The Impact of Predicted Climate Changes Upon Human Mortality. Vol 41. Elmer, NJ: CW Thornthwaite Associates; 1988.
Sprang CL. Hemodynamic alterations of heat stroke in the elderly. Chest.1979;75:362-366.
Fischman MW, Schuster CR, Resnekov L.
et al. Cardiovascular and subjective effects of intravenous cocaine administration
in humans. Arch Gen Psychiatry.1976;33:983-989.
Bauwens JE, Boggs JM, Hartwell PS. Fatal hyperthermia associated with cocaine use. West J Med.1989;150:210-212.
Kosten TR, Kleber HD. Rapid death during cocaine abuse: a variant of the neuroleptic malignant
syndrome. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse.1988;14:335-346.
Cox B, Kerwin R, Lee TF. Dopamine receptors in the central thermoregulatory pathways of the
rat. J Physiol.1978;282:471-483.
Roth D, Alarcon FJ, Fernandez JA.
et al. Acute rhabdomyolysis associated with cocaine intoxication. N Engl J Med.1988;319:673-677.
Loghmanee F, Tobak M. Fatal malignant hyperthermia associated with recreational cocaine and
ethanol abuse. Am J Forensic Med Pathol.1986;7:246-248.
Daras M, Kakkouras L, Tuchman AJ, Koppel BS. Rhabdomyolysis and hyperthermia after cocaine abuse: a variant of the
neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Acta Neurol Scand.1995;92:161-165.
Catravas JD, Water IW, Walz MA, Davis WM. Acute cocaine intoxication in the conscious dog: pathophysiologic profile
of acute lethality. Arch Int Pharmacodyn Ther.1978;235:328-340.
Catravas JD, Waters IW. Acute cocaine intoxication in the conscious dog: studies on the mechanisms
of lethality. J Pharmacol Exp Ther.1981;217:350-356.
Office of Applied Studies. National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1991. Rockville, Md: US Dept of Health and Human Services, Public Health
Service; 1993. SMA publication 93-1980.
Buechley RW, Van Brugen J, Truppi LE. Heat island equals death island? Environ Res.1972;5:85-92.
Clarke JF. Some effects of the urban structure on heat mortality. Environ Res.1972;5:93-104.
Jones TS, Liang AP, Kilbourne EM.
et al. Morbidity and mortality associated with the July 1980 heat wave in
St Louis and Kansas City, Mo. JAMA.1982;247:3327-3331.
Kalkstein LS, Davis RE. Weather and human mortality: an evaluation of demographic and interregional
responses in the United States. Annal Assoc Am Geographers.1989;79:44-64.
Kalkstein LS. Health and climate change: direct impacts in cities. Lancet.1993;342:1397-1399.