Study concept and design: Jonas, Amick, Feltner, Kim, Gass, Garbutt.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Jonas, Amick, Feltner, Bobashev, Thomas, Wines, Kim, Shanahan, Gass, Rowe, Garbutt.
Drafting of the manuscript: Jonas, Amick, Feltner, Bobashev, Wines, Kim, Shanahan, Rowe, Garbutt.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Jonas, Feltner, Bobashev, Thomas, Kim, Gass, Garbutt.
Statistical analysis: Jonas, Amick, Feltner, Bobashev, Wines, Kim.
Obtained funding: Jonas.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Jonas, Amick, Thomas, Wines, Kim, Shanahan, Gass, Rowe.
Study supervision: Jonas, Feltner, Garbutt.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: This project was funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), US Dept of Health and Human Services (contract HHSA290201200008I_HHSA29032002T).
Role of the Sponsors: AHRQ staff participated in development of the scope of work and reviewed drafts of the manuscript. Approval from AHRQ was required before the manuscript could be submitted for publication, but the authors are solely responsible for its content and the decision to submit it for publication. AHRQ staff did not participate in the conduct of the review, data collection, data management, data analysis, interpretation of the data, or preparation of the manuscript.
Disclaimer: Statements in the report should not be construed as endorsement by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality or the US Dept of Health and Human Services.
Additional Contributions: We express appreciation to the other members of the RTI International–University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center who contributed to this effort: Christiane Voisin, MSLS, for help in literature searching; Carol Woodell, BSPH, for her project management expertise; Claire Baker for help in article retrieval; and Loraine Monroe and Jennifer Drolet, MA, for editing and formatting the technical report. These individuals received salary support from a contract from the AHRQ. We also gratefully acknowledge the continuing support of our AHRQ Task Order Officers, Carmen Kelly, PharmD, RPh; Christine Chang MD, MPH; and Aysegul Gozu, MD, MPH; they were not compensated for their contributions besides their salaries.