Author Contributions: Dr Kallen had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Kallen, Reingold, Lynfield, Townes, Schaffner, Fridkin.
Acquisition of data: Bulens, Reingold, Petit, Gershman, Ray, Harrison, Dumyati, Schaffner, Patel.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Kallen, Mu, Reingold, Ray, Townes, Schaffner, Fridkin.
Drafting of the manuscript: Kallen, Mu, Reingold, Fridkin.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Kallen, Mu, Bulens, Reingold, Petit, Gershman, Ray, Harrison, Lynfield, Dumyati, Townes, Schaffner, Patel, Fridkin.
Statistical analysis: Kallen, Mu.
Obtained funding: Reingold, Schaffner, Fridkin.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Bulens, Reingold, Ray, Harrison, Lynfield, Schaffner.
Study supervision: Gershman, Dumyati, Townes, Schaffner, Fridkin.
Financial Disclosures: Dr Kallen reports that his spouse has been a consultant for Kimberly-Clark.
Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the CDC. Some of the data reported herein have been supplied by the United States Renal Data System. The interpretation and reporting of these data are the responsibility of the authors and in no way should be seen as an official policy of the US government.
Previous Presentation: Some of the data contained in this report were presented in preliminary form as an abstract at the 19th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, March 19-22, 2009, San Diego, California
Additional Contributions: We thank the following: Joelle Nadle, MPH, and Elizabeth Partridge, MPH, California Emerging Infections Program; Steve Burnite, Deborah Aragon, MSPH, Allison Daniels, MSPH, Jonathan Schwartz, MSPH, Meghan Barnes, MSPH, Jennifer Sadlowski, MSPH, Tiffany White, MSPH, Kerri McClory, MSPH, Ashley Juhl, MSPH, and Amy Conroy, MSPH, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment; Zack Fraser, James L. Hadler, MD, MPH, Connecticut Emerging Infections Program; Monica M. Farley, MD, Wendy Baughman, MSPH, Janine Ladson, MPH, Paul Malpiedi, MPH, Betsy Siegel, RN, and Lewis Perry, RN, MPH, Georgia Emerging Infections Program; Rosemary Hollick, MSc, Angela Badcon, RN, MS, Joanne Benton, RN, BSN, MHS, Terresa Carter, Emily Evers, Janice Langford, RN, MS, Elizabeth Vaeth, Kim Holmes, RN, MS and Kathleen Shutt, MS, Maryland Emerging Infections Program; Lindsey Lesher, MPH, Jessica Nerby, MPH, Minnesota Emerging Infections Program; Anita Gellert, RN, New York Emerging Infections Program; Robert Vega, MS, Janie Tierheimer, MT (ASCP), Karen Stefonek, MPH, Michelle Barber, MS, Janet Brock, and Mark Schmidt, PhD, MPH, Oregon Emerging Infections Program; Brenda Barnes, RN, CCRP, Terri McMinn, Susan Tymensky, RN, CCRP, Melinda Eady, Tennessee Emerging Infections Program; and Jonathan Edwards, MStat, and John Jernigan, MD, MS, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, CDC. Those acknowledged herein received compensation for this data collection from the Emerging Infection Program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.