Author Contributions: Drs Johnson and Lawry and Ms Asher had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Asher, Lawry.
Acquisition of data: Johnson, Scott, Rughita.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Johnson, Scott, Kisielewski, Asher, Ong, Lawry.
Drafting of the manuscript: Johnson, Scott, Rughita, Asher, Lawry.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Johnson, Kisielewski, Ong, Lawry.
Statistical analysis: Kisielewski, Asher.
Obtained funding: Johnson, Ong, Lawry.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Johnson, Rughita, Kisielewski, Lawry.
Study supervision: Johnson, Rughita, Asher, Lawry.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This document has been produced with and could not have been completed without the generous support of United States Africa Command, the International Medical Corps (IMC), and McGill University.
Role of the Sponsors: The funding organizations played no role in the design and conduct of the study; in the collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or in the presentation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Disclaimer: The views expressed herein are those of the authors and should not, in any way whatsoever, be construed to reflect the official opinion of the US Department of Defense, IMC, IMC's donors, or McGill University.
Additional Contributions: We are grateful to the following for their assistance with this project: Mukungo Munyanga, MD, PhD, Director of the Bukavu School of Public Health; Ann C. Macaulay, CM, MD, FCFP, McGill University Department of Family Medicine; and Maysaa Mahmoud, PhD, the International Health Division, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs. We also thank Olivier Angbongo, Yann Machida, Cris Baguma, MD, Irene Kaindi, Lidija Zovko, Giorgio Trombatore, and Miel Hendrickson of IMC; without their logistical support and assistance in the field this project would not have been possible. We also thank the Center for Disaster and Humanitarian Assistance Medicine for their financial administration of this study, the Division of Women's Health at Brigham and Women's Hospital for its support of Dr Scott's travel expenses, and Juan Carlos Rosa for his technical support. We thank the paid Congolese supervisors and interviewers who assisted in data collection in very challenging and austere areas. Finally, we thank the volunteers from StatAid who assisted with data entry.