Medicine After the Holocaust is a collection of essays stemming from the 2007/2008 Michael E. DeBakey Medical Lecture Series given at the Holocaust Museum in Houston, Texas. Internist Sheldon Rubenfeld's personal experiences with questions in medical ethics motivated him to propose this lecture series, which explores the question, “If the best physicians of the early twentieth century could abandon their patients, can we, the best physicians of the twenty-first century, be certain that we will not do the same?” (p 5). Speakers from different professional fields were invited to discuss the topic, including geneticists, physicians, bioethicists, lawyers, historians, rabbis, and politicians. Among them were the Noble laureates James D. Watson, Ferid Murad, and Eric R. Kandel. Of the original 30 presenters, 22 contributed articles to this collection. All of the lectures are available online at a site established by the Schusterman Center for Jewish Studies in the College of Liberal Arts at the University of Texas at Austin (http://www.utexas.edu/cola/centers/scjs/med-ethics/lectures.php).