Author Contributions: Dr Berkley had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Berkley, Cane, Scott, Nokes.
Acquisition of data: Berkley, Munywoki, Ngama, Kazungu, Abwao, Bett, Lassauniére, Kresfelder, Venter.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Berkley, Munywoki, Scott, Nokes.
Drafting of the manuscript: Berkley, Ngama, Kazungu.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Munywoki, Abwao, Bett, Lassauniére, Kresfelder, Cane, Venter, Scott, Nokes.
Statistical analysis: Berkley, Scott.
Obtained funding: Berkley, Scott, Nokes.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Munywoki, Abwao, Bett, Lassauniére, Kresfelder, Cane.
Study supervision: Munywoki, Venter, Scott, Nokes.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: The study was funded by a project grant (081186) from the Wellcome Trust (Great Britain). Drs Berkley, Scott, and Nokes report receipt of support by fellowships from the Wellcome Trust (Great Britain).
Role of the Sponsor: The Wellcome Trust had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Additional Contributions: We are grateful to the staff and patients of the pediatric wards and outpatient department of Kilifi District Hospital, and to the clinical, Information and Communication Technology, and laboratory staff of the KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Research Programme who contributed to this study. We thank Norbert Peshu, MBChB, MPH, Director of the Centre for Geographic Medicine Research—Coast, and Iqbal Khandwalla, MBChB, MMed, Medical Superintendent, Kilifi District Hospital, for their oversight and making facilities available for this research. No compensation was received for participation in this research. This article is published with permission of the director of KEMRI.
This article was corrected online for typographical errors on 5/25/2010.