Author Contributions: Drs Boppana and Fowler had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Boppana, Ahmed, Michaels, Sánchez, Fowler.
Acquisition of data: Boppana, Ross, Novak, Shimamura, Tolan, Palmer, Ahmed, Michaels, Sánchez, Bernstein, Fowler.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Boppana, Ross, Novak, Shimamura, Tolan, Sánchez, Bernstein, Britt, Fowler.
Drafting of the manuscript: Boppana, Ross, Sánchez, Bernstein, Fowler.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Boppana, Ross, Novak, Shimamura, Tolan, Palmer, Ahmed, Michaels, Sánchez, Bernstein, Britt, Fowler.
Statistical analysis: Boppana, Fowler.
Obtained funding: Boppana, Palmer, Sánchez, Bernstein, Britt, Fowler.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Boppana, Ross, Novak, Shimamura, Tolan, Palmer, Ahmed, Michaels, Sánchez, Bernstein, Britt, Fowler.
Study supervision: Boppana, Michaels, Sánchez, Fowler.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by a contract from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (N01 DC50008).
Role of the Sponsor: The National Institutes on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders provided overall oversight for the design and conduct of the study but had no role in the collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data, and in preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Previous Presentation: This study was presented in part at the Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting; May 4, 2009; Baltimore, Maryland (abstract 4115.1).
Additional Contributions: We are indebted to our medical and nursing colleagues and the infants and their parents who agreed to take part in this study. We would like to thank the following members of the CHIMES study team for their contributions:
University of Alabama at Birmingham Health System: Nitin Arora, MBBS, MPH; Amita Bey, MPH; Belinda Blackstone, MS, CCC-A; Jennifer Blumenthal, BS; Valisa Brown, MPH; Alice Brumbach, MSN; Nazma Chowdhury, MBBS, PhD; Steven Febres-Cordero; Monique Jackson, BS; Mirjam Kempf, PhD; David Kimberlin, MD; Noelle Le Lievre; Faye McCollister, EdD; Emily Mixon, MPH; Misty Purser, BS; and Julie Woodruff, AuD. Carolinas Medical Center: Edie Cox, AuD; Julie Courtney; Nubia Flores; Molly Ricart; Lisa Schneider, AuD; and Jennifer West, RN, BSN. Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC: Jena Colaberardino, BA; Noreen Jeffrey, RN; Anne Maracek, MS; Gretchen E. Probst, MAT, CCC-A; Cheryl Rosenberg; and Diane Sabo, PhD. Saint Peter's University Hospital: Melissa Calderon, RNC, BSN; Maria Class, RN; Kristina Feja, MD; and Marci Schwab, AuD. University of Cincinnati and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center: Daniel Choo, MD; Kate Catalanotto, RN, BSN, CCRC; Linda Jamison, MSN; Patty Kern, RN; Kurt Schibler, MD; Maureen Sullivan-Mahoney, AuD; and Stacie Wethington, RN, CCRC. University of Mississippi Medical Center: Kathy Irving, AuD; Delia Owens, RN; Suzanne Roark, AuD; and Mindy Ware, AuD. University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Parkland Health & Hospital System and Children's Medical Center Dallas: Cathy Boatman, MS, CIMI; Jessica Esquivel; Gregory L. Jackson, MD, MBA; Kathy Katz-Gaynor; April Liehr Townsley, MA, CCC-A; Asuncion Mejías, MD; Kristine E. Owen, AuD, CCC-A; Peter S. Roland, MD; Oscar Rosado, MD; Angela G. Shoup, PhD; David Sosa; Jessica Santoyo; Elizabeth K. Stehel, MD; Lizette Torres, RN; and Fiker Zeray, RN, MS, CPNP. All the listed individuals are part of the CHIMES study and have not received other compensation.