Author Contributions: Dr Annane had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Annane, Chevret.
Acquisition of data: Annane, Cariou, Mathonet, Maxime, Azoulay, Mayaux, D’honneur, Amathieu, Timsit, Tabah, Cohen, Clec’h, Wolf, Fartoukh, Adrie, Santré, Bollaert, Lejeune.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Annane, Maxime, Azoulay, Timsit, Bollaert, Lejeune, Chevret.
Drafting of the manuscript: Annane, Cariou, Timsit, Lejeune.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Annane, Maxime, Mathonet, Azoulay, Mayaux, D’honneur, Amathieu, Timsit, Tabah, Cohen, Clec’h, Wolf, Fartoukh, Adrie, Santré, Bollaert, Lejeune, Chevret.
Statistical analysis: Annane, Lejeune, Chevret.
Obtained funding: Annane.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Annane, Cariou, Maxime, Chevret.
Study supervision: Annane, Maxime, Azoulay, Wolf, Bollaert.
Study Organization and Investigators are available at http://www.jama.com.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: Assistance Publique–Hôpitaux de Paris was the study sponsor.
Role of the Sponsor: The study sponsor took full administrative responsibility but had no role in the recruitment of patients, in the management, analysis or interpretation of the data or in the preparation, review, or approval of the article.