Author Contributions: Dr Thomas had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Thomas, Weavind, Patel.
Acquisition of data: Thomas, Wueste, Weavind.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Thomas, Lucke, Wueste, Patel.
Drafting of the manuscript: Thomas, Wueste, Patel.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Thomas, Lucke, Wueste, Weavind, Patel.
Statistical analysis: Lucke.
Obtained funding: Thomas.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Wueste, Weavind, Patel.
Study supervision: Thomas, Wueste.
Financial Disclosures: Dr Weavind reported serving as medical director of the tele-ICU that was the subject of this study from December 2003 until December 2006; Dr Patel reported serving as associate medical director from March 2004 until December 2006. No other authors reported disclosures.
Funding/Support: This study was funded by grant R01 HS015234-01 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and by grant UL1 RR024148 01 from the National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health (Clinical and Translational Sciences Award).
Role of the Sponsors: The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the National Center for Research Resources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; the collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.