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Fulfilling the Promise of “Anyone, Anywhere” to Perform CPR

Mickey S. Eisenberg, MD, PhD1,2; Bentley J. Bobrow, MD3,4; Tom Rea, MD, MPH1,2
[+] Author Affiliations
1Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle
2King County Emergency Medical Services, Seattle, Washington
3Department of Emergency Medicine, Maricopa Medical Center, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Phoenix
4Arizona Department of Health Services Bureau of Emergency Medical Services and Trauma System, Phoenix
JAMA. 2014;311(12):1197-1198. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.1485.
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Closed-chest cardiac massage for the treatment of cardiac arrest was first described in the medical literature in 1960.1 The report provided the basis to revolutionize care for one of the leading causes of death. In a statement filled with hope and promise, the authors wrote that “Anyone, anywhere, can now initiate cardiac resuscitative procedures. All that is needed are two hands.” Prior to closed-chest massage, the only recourse to achieve artificial circulation was open-chest massage involving emergency thoracotomy. Today the procedure widely known as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been shown to double or triple the odds of survival from cardiac arrest.2

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The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
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