Published Online: November 16, 2009 (doi:10.1001/jama.2009.1670).
Author Contributions: Dr Rollman had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Rollman, Herbeck Belnap, Mazumdar, Kapoor, Schulberg, Reynolds.
Acquisition of data: Rollman, Herbeck Belnap, LeMenager, Counihan, Reynolds.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Rollman, Herbeck Belnap, Mazumdar, Houck, Schulberg, Reynolds.
Drafting of the manuscript: Rollman, Mazumdar, Houck.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Rollman, Herbeck Belnap, LeMenager, Houck, Counihan, Kapoor, Schulberg, Reynolds.
Statistical analysis: Mazumdar.
Obtained funding: Rollman, Reynolds.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Rollman, Herbeck Belnap, LeMenager, Houck, Counihan, Kapoor, Schulberg, Reynolds.
Study supervision: Rollman, Herbeck Belnap, LeMenager, Houck, Kapoor, Reynolds.
Financial Disclosures: Dr Reynolds reports receiving pharmaceutical supplies for his National Institutes of Health (NIH)–sponsored work from Forest Laboratories, Pfizer, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Wyeth, and Eli Lilly. Dr Mazumdar reports stock ownership in Forest Laboratories. The other authors report no disclosures.
Funding/Support: This work was supported by NIH grants R01 HL70000 (Dr Rollman) and P30 MH71944 (Dr Reynolds), and by the UPMC Endowed Chair in Geriatric Psychiatry (Dr Reynolds).
Role of the Sponsor: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Bypassing the Blues Study Team We wish to thank the members of our dedicated study team for their efforts: Erin August, RN*, Amy Boyles, MSW*, Lori Freund*, Lillian Giles, RN*, Kyle Holleran, BS*, Elizabeth Hunt, BS*, Cynthia Kravetz, BS*, Sabrina Leshko, BS*, Jessica Minydzak, BS*, Carol Mitchell, RN, BSN*, Eleanor Shirley, MA*, Susan Spillane, RN*, and Sharon Stover, RN*, and Fang Zhu, PhD* (University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania).
Consultants: We thank our study consultants Nancy Frasure-Smith, PhD (McGill University, Montreal, Canada); Kenneth E. Freedland, PhD* (Washington University, St Louis, Missouri); and Mark Hlatky, MD* (Stanford University, Palo Alto, California) for their critical input particularly during the planning and implementation stages of our study.
Data Center, Center for Research on Health Care: Timothy Bragg*, Deljo Ann Gannon*, Donald W. Grimm*, Doris Rubio, PhD*, and Terry Sefcik, MS* (University of Pittsburgh).
Data and Safety Monitoring Board: Christopher M. O’Connor, MD* (chair) (Duke University, Durham, North Carolina); Robert M. Carney, PhD*, (Washington University); J. Michael DiMaio, MD* (University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas); Mark T. Hughes, MD* (Johns Hopkins, Baltimore, Maryland); and Steven Roose, MD* (Columbia University, New York, New York).
End Point Classification Committee: Wishwa Kapoor, MD, MPH* (chair), Linda Cadaret, MD, Peter Counihan, MD*, Robert Cook, MD*, Rebecca Drayer, MD, Matt Freiberg, MD*, Jordan Karp, MD, Oscar Marroquin, MD*, Natalia Morone, MD, Mamoo Nakamura, MD*, Jamal Rana, MD*, Steven Reis, MD*, Mark Roberts, MD*, Hilary Tindle, MD, Steven Weisbord, MD, and Ellen Whyte, MD (University of Pittsburgh); Vinayak Hegde, MD*, and Nosheen Javed, MD* (The Western Pennsylvania Hospital, Pittsburgh).
Study Site Principal Investigators: Peter Counihan, MD* (Presbyterian and Passavant Hospitals, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center); Michael H. Culig, MD* (The Western Pennsylvania Hospital); Venkataraman Krishnaswami, MD* (Mercy Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania); Venkat R. Machiraju, MD* (Shadyside Hospital, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center); Sang B. Park, MD* (Jefferson Regional Medical Center, Jefferson Hills, Pennsylvania); and Mark M. Suzuki, MD* (Westmoreland Regional Hospital, Greensburg, Pennsylvania).
*Individuals who received compensation for their work in association with this article.
Disclaimer: The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
Previous Presentations: Parts of this article were presented at the annual national meetings of the American Psychosomatic Society, Chicago, Illinois, March 5, 2009; Society for Behavioral Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, April 25, 2009; and Society for General Internal Medicine, Miami, Florida, May 14, 2009.
Additional Information:eTables 1 and
and 3 are available;
other additional information is available at http://www.bypassingtheblues.pitt.edu.
Additional Contribution: We gratefully thank our NHLBI project officer, Susan Czajkowski, PhD, for her long-term support of our efforts.