We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
The Cover |

Spatial Concept: Expectations

David R. Flum, MD
JAMA. 2009;302(14):1508. doi:10.1001/jama.2009.1464.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


The tearing of a blank canvas—like the knife on skin—contains a force that violates, but does so without violence. It is a controlled force that creates as it destroys.

Lucio Fontana (1899-1968), artist and sculptor, was born in Argentina, raised in Milan, and returned to Argentina as a wounded veteran after World War I. In Milan, Fontana had trained as a sculptor at the Academia di Brera between 1928 and 1930. Hardly avant-garde, the school taught traditional figurative sculpture based on 19th-century prototypes, but Fontana also experimented with more progressive, abstract styles of art. When he returned to Argentina in 1946, he was well versed in the stylistic languages of Cubism, Futurism, and the more austere abstraction of Mondrian. He put his education to good use by becoming an integral part of the Argentinian art world, collaborating with other artists and founding the Academia Altamira, a school devoted to artistic experimentation.

Figures in this Article


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview


Place holder to copy figure label and caption

Graphic Jump LocationImage not available.

Lucio Fontana (1899-1968), Spatial Concept: Expectations, 1960, Italian, born Argentina. Slashed canvas and gauze. 100.3×80.3 cm. Courtesy of the Museum of Modern Art (http://moma.org/), New York, New York; gift of Philip Johnson, 508.1970/Art Resource, New York, New York. ©2009 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York, New York/ADAGP, Paris, France.



Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Related Collections