Author Contributions: Dr Yeo had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Yeo, Berg, Nunez-Smith, Cammann, Bell, Sosa, Curry.
Acquisition of data: Yeo, Bell.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Yeo, Viola, Berg, Lin, Nunez-Smith, Cammann, Sosa, Krumholz, Curry.
Drafting of the manuscript: Yeo, Viola, Lin, Curry.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Yeo, Viola, Berg, Lin, Nunez-Smith, Cammann, Bell, Sosa, Krumholz, Curry.
Statistical analysis: Yeo, Lin, Nunez-Smith, Cammann, Curry.
Obtained funding: Krumholz.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Nunez-Smith, Bell.
Study supervision: Berg, Nunez-Smith, Sosa.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by The Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program at the Yale School of Medicine.
Role of the Sponsor: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation had no substantive involvement in any aspect of the study including the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation of the manuscript. The American Board of Surgery assisted with survey implementation (printed the surveys and sent them to examination sites together with the ABSITE examinations) and with design of the study and review of the manuscript (by co-author Dr Bell).
Additional Contributions: Emily Buckholz, MPH, Yale School of Medicine, assisted with data cleaning and management. She received compensation for this work. Marjorie Rosenthal, MD, MPH, Yale School of Medicine, participated in the analysis of the qualitative component of the study; she did not receive compensation for this role.
This article was corrected online for typographical errors on 10/15/2009.