Author Contributions: Dr Lietman had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Porco, House, Hong, Emerson, Gaynor, Lietman.
Acquisition of data: Gebre, Ayele, House, Zhou, Hong, Stoller, Ray, Lietman.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Porco, Keenan, Ray, Lietman.
Drafting of the manuscript: Porco, Lietman.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Gebre, Ayele, House, Keenan, Zhou, Hong, Stoller, Ray, Emerson, Gaynor, Lietman.
Statistical analysis: Porco.
Obtained funding: Lietman.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Gebre, House, Zhou, Hong, Stoller, Ray, Gaynor.
Study supervision: Gebre, Ayele, House, Stoller, Lietman.
Application of project: Emerson.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: The National Eye Institute of the National Institutes of Health (the TANA study, U10 EY016214) was the primary supporter of this trial. Pfizer International (New York, New York) and the International Trachoma Initiative provided the azithromycin. Donations were also provided by the Bernard Osher Foundation, That Man May See, the Peierls Foundation, the Bodri Foundation, the Harper Inglis Trust, the South Asia Research Fund, and Research to Prevent Blindness. Dr Lietman gratefully acknowledges support from the Clinical & Translational Science Institute-Strategic Opportunities Support program sabbatical grant.
Role of the Sponsors: The study funders had no role in the study design, implementation, analysis, manuscript preparation, or decision to submit this article for publication.
Additional Contributions: We especially thank the data and safety monitoring committee including William Barlow, PhD (University of Washington, Chair), Donald Everett, MA (National Eye Institute), Larry Schwab, MD (International Eye Foundation), Arthur Reingold, MD (University of California, Berkeley), and Serge Resnikoff, MD (World Health Organization), who were generous with their time and advice and met before, during, and after this 12-month study. These individuals received reimbursement for expenses associated with their work on this article, but otherwise did not receive compensation. We would also like to thank Tadege Alemayehu, MD, Tesfaye Belay, BSc, Azmeraw Adgo, Melese Temesgen, Gabeyehu Sibhat, Abebe Mekonen, Manalush Berihun, Temesgen Demile, Wosen Abebe, Melkam Andwalem, Mitsalal Aberahraney, Banchu Gedamu, Tessema Eneyew, and Muluken Gobezie. These individuals received a per diem in association with their work on this article.