In this issue of JAMA, Malički and colleagues1 report their findings from an analysis of the 614 abstracts presented at the 7 congresses held from 1989 through 2013. Of these abstracts, overall, 76% were observational studies, 16% were studies of interventions aimed at improving peer review and scientific reporting, and 8% were opinion papers. At the most recent congress, 27% of the 110 presented studies were interventional, including 5 randomized trials. The authors also found that 305 (61%) of the presentations from the first 6 congresses were eventually published and that 265 articles had received at least 1 citation (with a median of 20 citations per article), with the most-cited articles focusing on reporting guidelines, synthesis of evidence, and publication bias. Of the articles published after presentation at the first 6 congresses (N = 294), 36% reported being funded, whereas of the 110 abstracts presented at the 2013 congress, 41% reported being funded. The authors point out that interventional studies aimed at improving peer review and scientific reporting are still underrepresented, and, echoing previous calls for research for these congresses,6 they suggest that systematic approaches and funding schemes are still needed to further improve research into peer review and biomedical publication.