Author Contributions: Dr Antommaria had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Antommaria, Trotochaud, Kinlaw, Frader.
Acquisition of data: Antommaria.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Antommaria, Trotochaud, Kinlaw, Hopkins, Frader.
Drafting of the manuscript: Antommaria.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Antommaria, Trotochaud, Kinlaw, Hopkins, Frader.
Statistical analysis: Antommaria, Hopkins.
Obtained funding: Antommaria.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Antommaria, Frader.
Study supervision: Antommaria, Trotochaud, Kinlaw, Frader.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was sponsored by the Division of Pediatric Inpatient Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, the Study Design and Biostatistics Center of the Center for Clinical and Translational Science, University of Utah, and Public Health Services research grants UL1-RR025764 and C06-RR11234 from the National Center for Research Resources.
Role of the Sponsor:The sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Additional Contributions: Gena Lattin, University of Utah School of Medicine, provided assistance with data acquisition. Tom Greene, PhD, University of Utah School of Medicine, provided expert consultation on statistical analysis. Neither of these individuals received compensation for their contributions.