Author Contributions: Dr Dobscha had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Dobscha, Corson, Perrin, Leibowitz, Doak, Sullivan, Gerrity.
Acquisition of data: Corson, Leibowitz, Doak, Dickinson.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Dobscha, Corson, Perrin, Hanson, Dickinson, Sullivan, Gerrity.
Drafting of the manuscript: Dobscha, Corson, Perrin, Dickinson, Gerrity.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Dobscha, Corson, Perrin, Hanson, Leibowitz, Doak, Sullivan, Gerrity.
Statistical analysis: Corson, Perrin, Hanson, Dickinson.
Obtained funding: Dobscha, Corson, Gerrity.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Dobscha, Leibowitz, Doak, Sullivan.
Study supervision: Dobscha, Corson, Dickinson.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This research was supported by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, and Health Services Research and Development Service Projects PMI 03-195 and REA 06-174. Some research team members received training on chronic pain communication skills developed with a grant from the Greenwall Foundation.
Role of the Sponsors: The funders of this study did not play a role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data, or in the preparation or review of this manuscript.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Additional Contributions: We gratefully acknowledge Megan Crutchfield, BS, Jennifer Flores, MA, Geoff Soleck, PhD, and Erin Tansill, BS (all Portland VA employees at the time of their participation and compensated for their roles in the study) for collecting and organizing data, Jon Duckart, MPS (Portland VA employee, uncompensated for his role in the study) for extracting data from VA datasets, Ron Blehm, BS, PT (Portland VA employee, uncompensated for his role in the study) for helping to deliver the intervention, Kurt Kroenke, MD (Regenstrief Institute, uncompensated for his role in the study) for consultation on study and intervention design, and the VA Primary Care Division clinicians for their participation and support.